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Dimitri Aivaliotis - Mastering NGINX [2013, PDF+EPUB, ENG]

Сообщение Солнышко » 26 фев 2017, 02:06

Mastering NGINX

Год: 2013
Автор: Dimitri Aivaliotis
Издательство: Packt Publishing
ISBN: 978-1-84951-744-7
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF+EPUB
Качество: Изначально компьютерное (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Да
Количество страниц: 322
Описание:

An in-depth guide to configuring NGINX for any situation, including numerous examples and reference tables describing each directive.

NGINX is a high-performance web server designed to use very few system resources. There are many how-to's and example configurations floating around on the Web. This guide will serve to clarify the murky waters of NGINX configuration. In doing so you will learn how to tune NGINX for various situations, what some of the more obscure configuration options do, and how to design a decent configuration to match your needs.

You will no longer feel the need to copy-paste a configuration snippet because you will understand how to construct a configuration file to do exactly what you want it to do. This is a process, and there will be bumps along the way, but with the tips explained in this book you will feel comfortable writing an NGINX configuration file by hand. In case something doesn't work as expected, you will be able to debug the problem yourself or at least be capable of asking for help without feeling like you haven't given it a try yourself.

This book is written in a modular fashion. It is laid out to help you get to the information you need as quickly as possible. Each chapter is pretty much a standalone piece. Feel free to jump in anywhere you feel you need to get more in-depth about a particular topic. If you feel you have missed something major, go back and read the earlier chapters. They are constructed in a way to help you grow your configuration piece-by-piece.

Author: Dimitri Aivaliotis

Dimitri Aivaliotis works as a Systems Architect at a hosting provider in Zurich, Switzerland. His career has taken him from building a Linux-based computer network for a school up through dual-datacenter high-availability infrastructures for banks and online portals. He has spent over a decade solving his customers’ problems and discovered NGINX along the way. He uses the software daily to provide web serving, proxying, and media-streaming services to his customers.

Dimitri graduated summa cum laude with a BS in Physics from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and received an MS in Management Information Systems at Florida State University.

This is his first book.
Код:
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Preface

Chapter 1: Installing NGINX and Third-Party Modules

  Installing NGINX using a package manager
    CentOS
    Debian
  Installing NGINX from source
    Preparing a build environment
    Compiling from source
      Table: Common configure options
      Table: Configure options for optimization
  Configuring for web or mail service
    Configure options for a mail proxy
      Table: Mail configure options
    Configure the options to specify paths
      Table: HTTP configure options
  Enabling various modules
      Table: HTTP module configure options
    Disabling unused modules
      Table: Disable configure options
  Finding and installing third-party modules
  Putting it all together
  Summary

Chapter 2: A Configuration Guide

  The basic configuration format
  NGINX global configuration parameters
      Table: Global configuration directives
  Using include files
  The HTTP server section
    Client directives
      Table: HTTP client directives
    File I/O directives
      Table: HTTP file I/O directives
    Hash directives
      Table: HTTP hash directives
    Socket directives
      Table: HTTP socket directives
    Sample configuration
  The virtual server section
      Table: listen parameters
  Locations – where, when, and how
      Table: Location modifiers
      Table: Location-only directives
  The mail server section
      Table: Mail module directives
      Table: Mail SSL directives
  Full sample configuration
  Summary

Chapter 3: Using the Mail Module

  Basic proxy service
    POP3 service
    IMAP service
    SMTP service
    Using SSL/TLS
    Complete mail example
  Authentication service
  Combining with memcached
  Interpreting log files
  Operating system limits
  Summary

Chapter 4: NGINX as a Reverse Proxy

  Introduction to reverse proxying
    The proxy module
      Table: Proxy module directives
      Legacy servers with cookies
    The upstream module
      Table: Upstream module directives
      Keepalive connections
      Load-balancing algorithms
  Types of upstream servers
    Single upstream server
    Multiple upstream servers
    Non-HTTP upstream servers
      Memcached upstream servers
      FastCGI upstream servers
      SCGI upstream servers
      uWSGI upstream servers
  Converting an "if"-fy configuration to a more modern interpretation
  Using error documents to handle upstream problems
  Determining the client's real IP address
  Summary

Chapter 5: Reverse Proxy Advanced Topics

  Security through separation
    Encrypting traffic with SSL
    Authenticating clients using SSL
    Blocking traffic based on originating IP address
  Isolating application components for scalability
  Reverse proxy performance tuning
    Buffering
      Table: Proxy module buffering directives
    Caching
      Table: Proxy module caching directives
      Storing
    Compressing
      Table: Gzip module directives
  Summary

Chapter 6: The NGINX HTTP Server

  NGINX's architecture
  The HTTP core module
    The server
      Table: HTTP server directives
    Logging
      Table: HTTP logging directives
      Table: Log format variables
    Finding files
      Table: HTTP file-path directives
    Name resolution
      Table: Name resolution directives
    Client interaction
      Table: HTTP client interaction directives
  Using limits to prevent abuse
      Table: HTTP limits directives
  Restricting access
      Table: HTTP access module directives
  Streaming media files
      Table: HTTP streaming directives
  Predefined variables
      Table: HTTP variables
  Using NGINX with PHP-FPM
      Table: FastCGI directives
    An example Drupal configuration
  Wiring NGINX and uWSGI together
    An example Django configuration
  Summary

Chapter 7: NGINX for the Developer

  Caching integration
    No application caching
    Caching in the database
      Table: Memcached module directives
    Caching in the filesystem
      Table: Header modifying directives
  Changing content on-the-fly
    The addition module
      Table: HTTP addition module directives
    The sub module
      Table: HTTP sub module directives
    The xslt module
      Table: HTTP XSLT module directives
  Using Server Side Includes
    Table: Server Side Includes directives
    Table: Server Side Includes commands
  Decision-making in NGINX
    Table: Perl module directives
  Creating a secure link
  Generating images
    Table: Image filter directives
  Tracking website visitors
    Table: UserID module directives
  Preventing inadvertent code execution
  Summary

Chapter 8: Troubleshooting Techniques

  Analyzing log files
    Error log file formats
    Error log file entry examples
  Configuring advanced logging
    Debug logging
      Switching binaries at runtime
    Using access logs for debugging
  Common configuration errors
    Using if instead of try_files
    Using if as a hostname switch
    Not using the server context to best effect
  Operating system limits
    File descriptor limits
    Network limits
  Performance problems
  Using the Stub Status module
  Summary

Appendix A: Directive Reference

      Table: Directive reference

Appendix B: Rewrite Rule Guide

  Introducing the rewrite module
      Table: Rewrite module directives
  Creating new rewrite rules
  Translating from Apache
    Rule #1: Replace directory and file existence checks with try_files
    Rule #2: Replace matches against REQUEST_URI with a location
    Rule #3: Replace matches against HTTP_HOST with a server
    Rule #4: Replace RewriteCond with if for variable checks
  Summary

Appendix C: The NGINX Community

  Mailing list
  IRC channel
  Web resources
  Writing a good bug report
  Summary

Appendix D: Persisting Solaris Network Tunings

Index

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