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Martin Evening - Adobe Photoshop CS6 for Photographers [2012, PDF, ENG]

Сообщение Солнышко » 30 янв 2018, 00:21

Adobe Photoshop CS6 for Photographers
A professional image editor's guide to the creative use of Photoshop for the Macintosh and PC
Год: 2012
Автор: Martin Evening
Жанр: CG Photoshop
Издательство: Focal Press
ISBN: 978-0-240-52604-1
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Изначально компьютерное (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Да
Количество страниц: 769
Описание: Renowned Photographer and Photoshop hall-of-famer, Martin Evening returns with his comprehensive guide to Photoshop. This acclaimed work covers everything from the core aspects of working in Photoshop to advanced techniques for refined workflows and professional results. Using concise advice, clear instruction and real world examples, this essential guide will give you the skills, regardless of your experience, to create professional quality results. A robust accompanying website features sample images, tutorial videos, bonus chapters and a plethora of extra resources. Quite simply, this is the essential reference for photographers of all levels using Photoshop.
Introduction........................................................................................................................XIX
What’s different in this book ........................................................................................XXI
Accessing the on-line content ....................................................................................XXII
1 Photoshop fundamentals 1
Photoshop installation .......................................................................................................... 2
The Photoshop interface ........................................................................................................ 3
Creating a new document ............................................................................................... 5
User interface brightness ............................................................................................... 6
Tabbed document windows .......................................................................................... 10
Managing document windows ..................................................................................... 12
Synchronized scroll and zoom .............................................................................. 13
Image document window details .................................................................................. 14
Title bar proxy icons (Mac only) ........................................................................... 16
Info panel status information ................................................................................. 16
Rulers, Guides & Grid .................................................................................................. 17
‘Snap to’ behavior ........................................................................................................ 18
Pixel Grid view ............................................................................................................. 18
The Photoshop panels.................................................................................................. 19
Panel arrangements and docking .......................................................................... 20
Panel positions remembered in workspaces ......................................................... 21
Customizing the menu options ............................................................................ 22
Customizing the keyboard shortcuts ..................................................................... 23
Task-based workspaces ............................................................................................... 24
Working with a dual display setup ........................................................................ 26
Adobe™ Confi gurator 3 application ............................................................................. 27
Photoshop CS6 Tools panel ................................................................................................ 28
Options bar .................................................................................................................. 30
Tool Presets ................................................................................................................. 30
Selection tools .................................................................................................................... 32
Color Range ................................................................................................................. 34
Modifi er keys ............................................................................................................... 36
Painting tools ...................................................................................................................... 38
On-the-fl y brush changes ............................................................................................. 39
On-screen brush adjustments ............................................................................... 40
Brush panel .................................................................................................................. 41
Brush panel options ............................................................................................. 42
Pressure sensitive control ............................................................................................ 42
Brush tool presets ........................................................................................................ 43
Mixer brush ................................................................................................................. 43
Bristle tip brush shapes ............................................................................................... 45
Tools for fi lling .................................................................................................................... 46
Tools for drawing ................................................................................................................ 47
Image editing tools .............................................................................................................. 48
Working with Layers............................................................................................................ 50
Automating Photoshop ........................................................................................................ 51
Move tool ..................................................................................................................... 52
Layer selection using the move tool ............................................................................. 52
Navigation and information tools ........................................................................................ 54
Zoom tool shortcuts ..................................................................................................... 54
Hand tool ..................................................................................................................... 55
Bird’s-eye view ............................................................................................................. 55
Flick panning ............................................................................................................... 56
Windows 7 Multi-touch support ................................................................................. 56
Eyedropper tool ............................................................................................................ 56
Ruler tool ..................................................................................................................... 56
Rotate view tool ............................................................................................................ 57
Notes tool .................................................................................................................... 58
Screen view modes ...................................................................................................... 59
Preset Manager ................................................................................................................... 60
History ................................................................................................................................ 61
The History panel ......................................................................................................... 61
History settings and memory usage ...................................................................... 62
History brush ............................................................................................................... 64
Use of history versus undo .......................................................................................... 64
Snapshots .................................................................................................................... 65
Non-linear history ........................................................................................................ 66
When fi les won’t open .................................................................................................. 67
Save often .................................................................................................................... 68
Background Saving ...................................................................................................... 69
Normal saves ........................................................................................................ 69
Using Save As… to save images .......................................................................... 70
File formats ......................................................................................................................... 71
Photoshop native fi le format......................................................................................... 71
Smart PSD fi les .................................................................................................... 71
Large Document (PSB) format ..................................................................................... 72
TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) .................................................................................. 72
Pixel order ............................................................................................................ 73
Byte order ............................................................................................................. 74
Save Image Pyramid ............................................................................................. 74
TIFF compression options .................................................................................... 74
Flattened TIFFs ..................................................................................................... 74
Photoshop PDF ............................................................................................................ 75
PDF security ......................................................................................................... 75
Adobe Bridge CS6 ............................................................................................................... 76
The Bridge interface ..................................................................................................... 78
Custom workspaces in Bridge............................................................................... 79
Opening fi les from Bridge ............................................................................................ 79
Mini Bridge .................................................................................................................. 81
What’s new in Camera Raw 7.0 .................................................................................... 82
Opening photos from Bridge via Camera Raw .............................................................. 83
Easter eggs.......................................................................................................................... 84
2 Configuring Photoshop 85
What you will need .............................................................................................................. 86
Macintosh .................................................................................................................... 86
Windows ...................................................................................................................... 86
The ideal computer setup .................................................................................................... 87
Choosing a display ...................................................................................................... 88
Video cards ........................................................................................................... 89
Display calibration and profi ling .................................................................................. 90
Calibration hardware ............................................................................................. 90
The calibration/profi ling procedure .............................................................................. 92
White point ........................................................................................................... 92
Gamma ................................................................................................................. 93
Luminance ............................................................................................................ 93
Device calibration and measurement ............................................................................ 94
The profi ling process ................................................................................................... 94
Do you want good color or just OK color? ............................................................ 96
Color management settings ......................................................................................... 97
Synchronizing the Color Settings .......................................................................... 98
Extras ........................................................................................................................... 99
Backing up your image data ......................................................................................... 99
Protecting the power supply ....................................................................................... 100
Photoshop preferences ...................................................................................................... 101
General preferences ................................................................................................... 101
Interface preferences .................................................................................................. 104
File Handling preferences .......................................................................................... 106
Camera Raw preferences .................................................................................... 107
TIFF and PSD options ......................................................................................... 109
Recent File list .................................................................................................... 110
Performance preferences ............................................................................................ 111
Memory usage .................................................................................................... 112
32-bit and 64-bit RAM limits .............................................................................. 113
History & Cache ........................................................................................................ 113
Scratch disks.............................................................................................................. 114
Scratch disk performance ........................................................................................... 115
Interface connection ............................................................................................ 116
Hard drive speed ................................................................................................. 116
RAID setups ............................................................................................................... 117
RAID 0 (striping) ................................................................................................. 117
RAID 1 (mirroring) .............................................................................................. 117
Internal RAID....................................................................................................... 118
External RAID ...................................................................................................... 118
Graphics Processor settings ............................................................................... 118
Cursors preferences ................................................................................................... 120
Transparency & Gamut ............................................................................................... 121
Color Picker gamut warning ................................................................................ 122
Units & Rulers............................................................................................................ 122
Guides, Grid & Slices ......................................................................................... 123
Plug-ins ..................................................................................................................... 125
Type preferences ........................................................................................................ 126
Ensuring the preferences are saved ............................................................................ 126
3 Camera Raw image processing 127
Camera Raw advantages .................................................................................................. 128
The new Camera Raw workfl ow .................................................................................. 128
Does the order matter? ........................................................................................ 130
Raw capture ........................................................................................................ 130
JPEG capture ...................................................................................................... 131
Editing JPEGs and TIFFs in Camera Raw ............................................................ 131
Alternative Raw processors ................................................................................. 132
A basic Camera Raw/Photoshop workfl ow ................................................................. 133
Camera Raw support .................................................................................................. 136
DNG compatibility ............................................................................................... 136
Getting raw images into Photoshop .................................................................................. 137
Image ingestion .......................................................................................................... 137
Importing images via Photo Downloader ............................................................ 138
Tethered shoot imports ....................................................................................... 143
Tethered shooting via Canon EOS Utility ............................................................. 144
Importing images via other programs ................................................................. 147
Import Images from Device (Mac only) ............................................................... 148
Basic Camera Raw image editing ..................................................................................... 150
Working with Bridge and Camera Raw ....................................................................... 150
General controls for single fi le opening ...................................................................... 152
Full size window view ......................................................................................... 154
General controls for multiple fi le opening .................................................................. 154
Opening raw fi les as Smart Objects ........................................................................... 156
Saving photos from Camera Raw ............................................................................... 160
The histogram display ................................................................................................ 161
Image browsing via Camera Raw ............................................................................... 162
Camera Raw preferences ............................................................................................ 164
Default Image Settings ........................................................................................ 165
Camera Raw cache .............................................................................................. 165
DNG file handling ............................................................................................... 165
JPEG and TIFF handling ..................................................................................... 166
Camera Raw cropping and straightening .................................................................... 167
How to straighten and crop ........................................................................................ 168
Basic panel controls .......................................................................................................... 170
White balance ............................................................................................................ 170
Using the white balance tool ............................................................................... 170
Process Versions ....................................................................................................... 172
The Process 2012 tone adjustment controls ............................................................. 174
Exposure ............................................................................................................. 174
Contrast .............................................................................................................. 175
Highlights and Shadows ..................................................................................... 176
Whites and Blacks ............................................................................................... 177
Suggested order for the Basic panel adjustments ................................................ 177
Preserving the highlight detail ................................................................................... 178
When to clip the highlights ........................................................................................ 180
How to clip the shadows ............................................................................................ 181
Shadow levels after a conversion ............................................................................... 182
Digital exposure .................................................................................................. 184
How Camera Raw interprets the raw data ............................................................ 185
Basic panel image adjustment procedure ................................................................... 186
Auto tone corrections ................................................................................................. 189
Camera-specifi c default settings ......................................................................... 189
Clarity ........................................................................................................................ 191
Negative clarity .................................................................................................... 192
Vibrance and Saturation ............................................................................................. 194
Tone Curve panel ....................................................................................................... 196
Point Curve editor mode ..................................................................................... 198
RGB Curves ........................................................................................................ 198
Correcting a high contrast image ............................................................................... 200
HSL/Grayscale panel .................................................................................................. 202
Recovering out-of-gamut colors .......................................................................... 203
Adjusting the hue and saturation ......................................................................... 204
Lens Corrections panel .............................................................................................. 206
Perspective corrections ....................................................................................... 206
Lens Vignetting control ....................................................................................... 206
Defringe .............................................................................................................. 209
Automatic lens corrections .................................................................................. 209
Accessing and creating custom lens profi les ...................................................... 210
Chromatic aberrations......................................................................................... 212
Effects panel ............................................................................................................... 216
Post Crop Vignetting control ............................................................................... 216
Post Crop Vignette style options ......................................................................... 218
Highlights slider ................................................................................................. 220
Adding Grain effects............................................................................................ 222
Camera Calibration panel ........................................................................................... 224
New Camera Raw profi les .................................................................................. 224
Camera look settings profi les .............................................................................. 225
Custom camera profi le calibrations ............................................................................ 226
DNG Profi le Editor .............................................................................................. 228
Spot removal tool ....................................................................................................... 232
Synchronized spotting with Camera Raw ............................................................ 233
Red eye removal ......................................................................................................... 234
Localized adjustments ....................................................................................................... 235
Adjustment brush ....................................................................................................... 235
Initial Adjustment brush options ................................................................................ 236
Brush settings ..................................................................................................... 236
Adding a new brush effect .......................................................................................... 237
Editing brush adjustments ......................................................................................... 238
Previewing the brush stroke areas....................................................................... 238
Auto masking ...................................................................................................... 240
Darkening the shadows .............................................................................................. 242
Hand-coloring in Color mode .................................................................................... 244
Graduated fi lter tool ................................................................................................... 246
Color temperature adjustments ........................................................................... 249
Camera Raw settings menu ........................................................................................ 251
Export settings to XMP ....................................................................................... 252
Update DNG previews ......................................................................................... 252
Load Settings… Save Settings… ....................................................................... 252
Camera Raw defaults .......................................................................................... 253
Presets panel ............................................................................................................. 253
Saving and applying presets .............................................................................. 253
Copying and synchronizing settings ................................................................... 255
Synchronizing different process versions ................................................................... 256
Legacy presets ........................................................................................................... 256
Working with Snapshots ............................................................................................ 258
DNG file format ................................................................................................................. 260
The DNG solution....................................................................................................... 260
DNG compatibility ............................................................................................... 261
Saving images as DNG .............................................................................................. 262
Lossy DNG .......................................................................................................... 262
DNG Converter .......................................................................................................... 264
4 Sharpening and noise reduction 265
When to sharpen ............................................................................................................... 266
Why one-step sharpening is ineffective ...................................................................... 266
Capture sharpening .................................................................................................... 266
Capture sharpening for scanned images ............................................................. 267
Process versions ........................................................................................................ 268
Improvements to Camera Raw sharpening ................................................................. 268
Sample sharpening image .......................................................................................... 271
Detail panel ................................................................................................................ 271
Sharpening defaults ............................................................................................ 272
The sharpening effect sliders .............................................................................. 272
Amount slider ..................................................................................................... 273
Radius slider ....................................................................................................... 274
The suppression controls .................................................................................... 275
Detail slider ......................................................................................................... 275
Interpreting the grayscale previews ..................................................................... 277
Radius and Detail grayscale preview ................................................................... 277
Masking slider ........................................................................................................... 278
Masking slider example ..................................................................................... 279
Some real world sharpening examples....................................................................... 280
Sharpening portrait images ................................................................................. 280
Sharpening landscape images ............................................................................ 281
Sharpening a fi ne-detailed image ........................................................................ 282
How to save sharpening settings as presets ............................................................... 283
Capture sharpening roundup ..................................................................................... 284
Selective sharpening in Camera Raw ......................................................................... 285
Negative sharpening............................................................................................ 285
Extending the sharpening limits .......................................................................... 285
How to apply localized sharpening ...................................................................... 286
Negative sharpening to blur an image ................................................................. 288
Noise removal in Camera Raw ................................................................................... 290
Process Versions and noise reduction ................................................................ 290
Detail panel Noise Reduction sliders ................................................................... 292
Color noise ......................................................................................................... 293
Non-raw image noise reduction ................................................................................. 293
Adding grain to improve appearance of sharpness ............................................. 296
Localized noise reduction in Camera Raw ........................................................... 298
Localized moiré removal in Camera Raw............................................................. 300
Localized sharpening in Photoshop .................................................................................. 302
Smart Sharpen fi lter ................................................................................................... 302
Basic Smart Sharpen mode ................................................................................. 302
Advanced Smart Sharpen mode ................................................................................. 304
Removing Motion Blur ........................................................................................ 305
Creating a depth of field brush ................................................................................... 306
5 Image editing essentials 309
Pixels versus vectors......................................................................................................... 310
Photoshop as a vector program ................................................................................. 311
Image resolution terminology .................................................................................... 311
ppi: pixels per inch ............................................................................................. 311
lpi: lines per inch ................................................................................................ 311
dpi: dots per inch ................................................................................................ 312
Desktop printer resolution ................................................................................... 312
Choosing the right pixel resolution for print ....................................................... 313
The optimum number of pixels .................................................................................. 313
Repro considerations ................................................................................................. 314
The relationship between ppi and lpi .......................................................................... 315
But we always use 300 ppi! ................................................................................ 316
Altering the image size ............................................................................................... 317
Image interpolation .................................................................................................... 318
Nearest Neighbor ............................................................................................... 318
Bilinear interpolation .......................................................................................... 318
Bicubic interpolation .......................................................................................... 318
Bicubic Smoother ............................................................................................... 319
Bicubic Sharper ................................................................................................. 319
Step interpolation ....................................................................................................... 319
Bicubic Automatic ...................................................................................................... 319
Basic pixel editing ............................................................................................................. 320
The image histogram .................................................................................................. 320
Basic Levels editing and the histogram ...................................................................... 323
Bit depth .................................................................................................................... 324
8-bit versus 16-bit image editing ........................................................................ 325
16-bit and color space selection ......................................................................... 326
Comparing 8-bit with 16-bit editing .................................................................... 327
The RGB edit space and color gamut .......................................................................... 328
Direct image adjustments ........................................................................................... 330
Adjustment layers approach ................................................................................ 330
Adjustments panel controls ................................................................................. 331
Properties panel controls .................................................................................... 331
Keeping the focus on the Properties panel .......................................................... 333
Levels adjustments .................................................................................................... 334
Analyzing the histogram ...................................................................................... 334
Using Levels to improve the contrast .................................................................. 336
Curves adjustment layers........................................................................................... 338
On-image Curves editing .................................................................................... 340
Direct Curves dialog .................................................................................................. 342
Saving and loading curves ......................................................................................... 342
Using Curves in place of Levels ......................................................................... 344
Output levels adjustments ................................................................................... 344
Using Curves to improve contrast ....................................................................... 346
Curves luminance and saturation........................................................................ 346
Luminosity and Color blending modes ............................................................... 348
Curve presets...................................................................................................... 350
Locking down portions of a curve ...................................................................... 352
Creating a dual contrast curve ............................................................................ 353
Brightness and Contrast ............................................................................................. 354
Correcting shadow and highlight detail ...................................................................... 356
Amount ............................................................................................................... 356
Tonal Width ......................................................................................................... 356
Radius ................................................................................................................. 356
Color Correction ................................................................................................. 359
Midtone Contrast ................................................................................................ 359
Auto image adjustments ............................................................................................. 360
Match Color corrections ............................................................................................ 362
Enhance Brightness and Contrast .............................................................................. 362
Color corrections .............................................................................................................. 364
Color Balance adjustments ........................................................................................ 364
Basic color balancing with Levels .............................................................................. 364
Color corrections using Curves ................................................................................. 366
Hue/Saturation ........................................................................................................... 368
Vibrance ..................................................................................................................... 371
Color Lookup adjustments ......................................................................................... 372
Photo Filter ................................................................................................................ 374
Multiple adjustment layers ......................................................................................... 375
Adjustment layer masks ............................................................................................. 376
Properties panel mask controls .................................................................................. 376
Editing a mask using the masks controls ............................................................ 378
Blend mode adjustments ............................................................................................ 380
Cropping ........................................................................................................................... 382
Current Image cropping ............................................................................................. 386
Selection-based cropping .......................................................................................... 386
Canvas size ................................................................................................................ 387
Big data ...................................................................................................................... 388
Perspective crop tool .................................................................................................. 389
Content-aware scaling ............................................................................................... 390
How to protect skin tones .................................................................................... 392
How to remove objects from a scene ................................................................... 393
Image rotation ............................................................................................................ 394
6 Black and white 395
Converting color to black and white .................................................................................. 396
The dumb black and white conversions ...................................................................... 396
Smarter black and white conversions ......................................................................... 396
Black & White adjustment presets .............................................................................. 399
Split color toning using Color Balance ...................................................................... 400
Split color toning using Curves adjustments ............................................................. 402
Split color toning using a Gradient Map .................................................................... 404
Camera Raw black and white conversions .................................................................. 406
Pros and cons of the Camera Raw approach ....................................................... 406
HSL grayscale conversions ................................................................................. 408
Camera Calibration panel tweaks ........................................................................ 408
Camera Raw Split Toning panel ................................................................................. 409
Camera Raw color image split toning.................................................................. 410
Black and white output ...................................................................................................... 413
Advanced B&W Photo tips ......................................................................................... 413
7 Extending the dynamic range 415
High dynamic range imaging ............................................................................................ 416
HDR essentials ........................................................................................................... 416
Fuji Super CCD ................................................................................................... 417
Alternative approaches ........................................................................................ 418
Bracketed exposures ........................................................................................... 418
Displaying deep-bit color.................................................................................... 419
Capturing a complete scenic tonal range ................................................................... 420
HDR shooting tips ...................................................................................................... 421
HDR File formats ................................................................................................. 422
How to fool Merge to HDR .................................................................................. 422
Basic tonal compression techniques ................................................................................. 424
Blending multiple exposures ...................................................................................... 424
Camera Raw adjustments using Process 2012 ........................................................... 428
Merge to HDR Pro ............................................................................................................. 430
Tone mapping HDR images ........................................................................................ 432
Local Adaptation ................................................................................................. 432
Removing ghosts ................................................................................................ 434
How to avoid the ‘HDR’ look ................................................................................ 434
Smooth Edges option ................................................................................................. 436
HDR toning example .................................................................................................. 436
How to smooth HDR toned images ............................................................................ 440
8 Image retouching 443
Basic cloning methods ...................................................................................................... 444
Clone stamp tool ........................................................................................................ 444
Clone stamp brush settings ................................................................................ 444
Healing brush ............................................................................................................ 446
Choosing an appropriate alignment mode ................................................................. 448
Clone Source panel and clone overlays ..................................................................... 448
Clone and healing sample options ...................................................................... 450
Better healing edges ................................................................................................... 451
Spot healing brush ..................................................................................................... 452
Healing blend modes .......................................................................................... 453
Spot healing in Content-Aware mode ........................................................................ 454
Patch tool ................................................................................................................... 456
The patch tool and content-aware fi lling ............................................................. 458
Adaptation methods ............................................................................................ 460
Content-aware move tool ........................................................................................... 461
Content-aware move tool in Extend mode ........................................................... 463
Working with the Clone Source panel ........................................................................ 464
Perspective retouching ............................................................................................... 466
Alternative history brush spotting technique .............................................................. 468
Portrait retouching ............................................................................................................ 470
Beauty retouching ............................................................................................................. 472
Liquify ............................................................................................................................... 474
Advanced Liquify tool controls ................................................................................... 476
Reconstructions .................................................................................................. 476
Mask options ...................................................................................................... 477
View options ....................................................................................................... 477
Saving the mesh ................................................................................................. 478
Targeted distortions using Liquify ....................................................................... 479
9 Layers, selections and masking 481
Selections and channels .................................................................................................... 482
Selections .................................................................................................................. 482
Quick Mask mode ...................................................................................................... 484
Creating an image selection ....................................................................................... 485
Modifying selections .................................................................................................. 486
Alpha channels........................................................................................................... 486
Adding to an image selection ..................................................................................... 487
Selections, alpha channels and masks ....................................................................... 489
Anti-aliasing .............................................................................................................. 490
Feathering .................................................................................................................. 490
Layers ............................................................................................................................... 491
Layer basics ............................................................................................................... 491
Image layers ............................................................................................................... 491
Vector layers .............................................................................................................. 492
Text layers .................................................................................................................. 492
Adjustment layers ...................................................................................................... 492
Layers panel controls ................................................................................................. 492
Layer styles ......................................................................................................... 495
Adding layer masks .................................................................................................... 495
Viewing in Mask or Rubylith mode ..................................................................... 496
Removing a layer mask ....................................................................................... 496
Adding an empty layer mask ............................................................................... 496
Thumbnail preview clipping ................................................................................ 496
Creating a layer mask from Transparency ................................................................... 498
Properties Panel in Masks mode ................................................................................ 500
Refi ne Edge command ................................................................................................ 501
View modes ........................................................................................................ 503
Edge detection .................................................................................................... 503
Adjust Edge section ............................................................................................ 504
Refi ne Edge output .............................................................................................. 505
Working with the quick selection tool ......................................................................... 506
Combining a quick selection with Refi ne Edge ........................................................... 508
Ragged borders with the Refi ne Edge adjustment ....................................................... 514
Color Range masking ................................................................................................. 516
Layer blending modes ....................................................................................................... 520
Advanced Blending options ....................................................................................... 526
Knockout options ................................................................................................ 526
Blend Interior effects ........................................................................................... 526
Creating panoramas with Photomerge ....................................................................... 528
Depth of fi eld blending ............................................................................................... 532
Working with multiple layers ............................................................................................. 534
Color coding layers .................................................................................................... 534
Layer group management ........................................................................................... 534
Nested group layer compatibility......................................................................... 535
Managing layers in a group ................................................................................ 536
Clipping masks .......................................................................................................... 537
Ways to create a clipping mask ........................................................................... 537
Masking layers within a group ................................................................................... 538
Clipping layers and adjustment layers ....................................................................... 538
Layer linking .............................................................................................................. 540
Selecting all layers .............................................................................................. 540
Layer selection using the move tool .......................................................................... 541
Layer mask linking ..................................................................................................... 542
Layer locking ............................................................................................................. 543
Lock Transparent Pixels ...................................................................................... 543
Lock Image Pixels ............................................................................................... 543
Lock Layer Position ............................................................................................ 543
Lock All ............................................................................................................... 543
Layer fi ltering ............................................................................................................. 544
Layer Comps panel .................................................................................................... 546
Transform commands........................................................................................................ 548
Repeat Transforms...................................................................................................... 550
Interpolation options .................................................................................................. 550
Numeric Transforms ................................................................................................... 551
Transforming selections and paths ............................................................................. 551
Transforms and alignment .......................................................................................... 552
Using transforms to create a kaleidoscope pattern ..................................................... 553
Warp transforms......................................................................................................... 556
Puppet Warp .............................................................................................................. 558
Pin rotation ......................................................................................................... 559
Pin depth ............................................................................................................ 560
Multiple pin selection ......................................................................................... 560
Smart Objects ..................................................................................................... 560
Drag and drop a document to a layer ......................................................................... 564
Smart Objects ................................................................................................................... 566
Photoshop paths ............................................................................................................... 570
Pen path modes ......................................................................................................... 571
Drawing paths with the pen tool ................................................................................. 571
Pen path drawing example ......................................................................................... 571
Pen tool shortcuts summary ............................................................................... 573
Rubber Band mode.............................................................................................. 573
Vector masks .............................................................................................................. 574
Isolating an object from the background ............................................................. 575
10 Blur, optical and lighting effects filters 577
Filter essentials ................................................................................................................. 578
16-bit fi lters ............................................................................................................... 578
Blur fi lters .................................................................................................................. 578
Adding a Radial Blur or Spin blur to a photo ....................................................... 578
Average Blur........................................................................................................ 580
Gaussian Blur ..................................................................................................... 580
Motion Blur ......................................................................................................... 580
Surface Blur ........................................................................................................ 585
Box Blur .............................................................................................................. 585
Shape Blur .......................................................................................................... 585
Lens Blur ............................................................................................................ 586
Depth of fi eld effects ........................................................................................... 586
Blur Tools fi lters ......................................................................................................... 588
Iris Blur ............................................................................................................... 588
Radius fi eld controls ........................................................................................... 589
Blur Tools options ............................................................................................... 590
Tilt-Shift blur ...................................................................................................... 592
Blur ring adjustments .......................................................................................... 594
Applying a Field Blur to a composite image ........................................................ 594
Smart Filters ..................................................................................................................... 596
Applying Smart Filters to pixel layers ........................................................................ 597
Lens Corrections ........................................................................................................ 602
Custom lens corrections ..................................................................................... 602
Selecting the most appropriate profi les ............................................................... 606
Adobe Lens Profi le Creator ........................................................................................ 607
Interpolating between lens profi les ..................................................................... 607
Lens Correction profi les and Auto-Align ............................................................. 607
Adaptive Wide Angle fi lter .......................................................................................... 608
How the Adaptive Wide Angle fi lter works ........................................................... 610
Applying constraints ........................................................................................... 610
Rotating a constraint ........................................................................................... 611
Saving constraints .............................................................................................. 614
Calibrating with the Wide Angle Correction fi lter ................................................ 614
Editing panorama images .................................................................................... 615
Lighting effects fi lter ........................................................................................... 618
Properties panel adjustments .............................................................................. 619
Filter Gallery ..................................................................................................................... 622
11 Image management 623
The Bridge solution ........................................................................................................... 624
Confi guring the General preferences .......................................................................... 624
Launching Bridge ....................................................................................................... 626
Rotating the thumbnails and preview ......................................................................... 626
Arranging the Bridge contents ........................................................................................... 628
Customizing the panels and content area ................................................................... 630
Bridge workspace examples ....................................................................................... 632
Working with multiple windows ................................................................................. 634
Slideshow mode ....................................................................................................... 635
Thumbnail settings..................................................................................................... 636
Cache management .................................................................................................... 637
Advanced and miscellaneous preferences .................................................................. 639
One-click previews ..................................................................................................... 640
Deleting fi les .............................................................................................................. 640
Stacking images ......................................................................................................... 640
Auto-stacking ............................................................................................................. 642
Bridge panels .................................................................................................................... 644
Folders panel ............................................................................................................. 644
Favorites panel ........................................................................................................... 644
Preview panel ............................................................................................................. 645
Review mode .............................................................................................................. 646
Managing images in Bridge .............................................................................................. 647
Image rating and labeling ........................................................................................... 648
Sorting images in Bridge ........................................................................................... 650
Filter panel ................................................................................................................. 651
Metadata panel ........................................................................................................... 652
Image metadata ................................................................................................... 653
File Info metadata ................................................................................................ 653
IPTC Extensions ......................................................................................................... 654
Other types of metadata ...................................................................................... 656
Importance of metadata ...................................................................................... 658
Edit History log ................................................................................................... 659
Hidden metadata ................................................................................................. 659
Keywording ................................................................................................................ 660
Keywords panel .......................................................................................................... 661
Image searches .......................................................................................................... 662
Collections panel ....................................................................................................... 664
Smart Collections ............................................................................................... 665
Output from Bridge ............................................................................................................ 666
Web output................................................................................................................. 667
Output gallery styles ........................................................................................... 668
Output gallery settings ........................................................................................ 668
Output preferences .............................................................................................. 672
PDF Output ................................................................................................................ 673
The PDF Output panels ....................................................................................... 674
PDF Output options ............................................................................................ 675
Contact Sheet II .......................................................................................................... 676
Export panel ............................................................................................................... 677
Bridge automation ............................................................................................................. 678
Renaming images ....................................................................................................... 679
Renaming schemes ............................................................................................. 680
Undoing a Batch Rename .................................................................................... 680
Applying Camera Raw settings ................................................................................... 680
Mini Bridge ....................................................................................................................... 681
The Mini Bridge interface ........................................................................................... 681
View options ....................................................................................................... 683
Filter and sort menus .......................................................................................... 684
Navigation .................................................................................................................. 684
Searching images ....................................................................................................... 686
12 Print output 687
Print sharpening................................................................................................................ 688
Judge the print, not the display .................................................................................. 689
High Pass fi lter edge sharpening technique ............................................................... 689
Soft proof before printing ........................................................................................... 692
Managing print expectations ............................................................................... 694
Making a print ................................................................................................................... 695
Photoshop Print dialog .............................................................................................. 695
Printer selection .................................................................................................. 695
Color Management ............................................................................................. 698
Rendering intent selection ................................................................................... 700
Hard Proofi ng ..................................................................................................... 701
Proof print or aim print? ..................................................................................... 702
Position and Size ................................................................................................ 703
Print selected area ............................................................................................... 704
Ensuring your prints are centered (Mac) .................................................................... 705
Printing Marks .................................................................................................... 706
Functions ............................................................................................................ 706
Saving operating system print presets ....................................................................... 707
Print output scripting ................................................................................................. 707
Confi guring the Print Settings (Mac and PC) ............................................................. 708
Photoshop managed color on Windows .............................................................. 709
Custom print profi les ................................................................................................. 710
13 Automating Photoshop 711
Working with Actions ........................................................................................................ 712
Playing an action ....................................................................................................... 712
Recording actions ...................................................................................................... 713
Troubleshooting actions ............................................................................................. 715
Limitations when recording actions ........................................................................... 716
Actions only record changed settings ................................................................. 716
Background layers and bit depth ......................................................................... 716
Layer naming ...................................................................................................... 717
Inserting menu items .......................................................................................... 717
Batch processing actions ........................................................................................... 718
Exporting and importing presets ................................................................................ 720
Creating a droplet ...................................................................................................... 721
Image Processor ........................................................................................................ 722
Scripting ........................................................................................................................... 723
Script Event Manager ................................................................................................. 723
Automated plug-ins ........................................................................................................... 724
Crop and Straighten Photos ....................................................................................... 724
Fit Image .................................................................................................................... 724
Index 725
Rod Wynne-Powell ............................................................................................................ 743
Mac OS X for Photographers ..................................................................................... 743
SOLUTIONS Photographic ......................................................................................... 743
Pixel Genius PhotoKit plug-in ........................................................................................... 744

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