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Steve Roberts - Character Animation: 2D Skills for Better 3D+CD [2007, PDF, ENG]

Сообщение Солнышко » 30 янв 2018, 07:01

Character Animation: 2D Skills for Better 3D+CD
Год: 2007
Автор: Steve Roberts
Жанр: CG 3D GRAPHICS
Издательство: Focal Press
ISBN-10: 0240520548 ISBN-13: 978-0240520544
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Изначально компьютерное (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Да
Количество страниц: 304
Описание: Improve your character animation with a mastery of traditional principles and processes including weight and balance, timing, walks, birds, fish, snakes, four legged animals, acting and lip-synch. Traditional animation skills and techniques are presented in both 2D and 3D space. The companion CD features demonstration animations and exercises conducted in each of the major animation packages including 3ds Max, LightWave, Maya, and XSI Softimage.
chapter 1
introduction to 2D-animation working practice 1
how animation works the 2
basics 2
frames per second 2
what you need for your studio 3
animation paper 3
peg bar 3
light box 4
x-sheets 4
line tester 9
pencils 11
let’s get animating 11
key to key animation 11
animating straight ahead 13
flipping, flicking and rolling 13
flipping 13
flicking 14
rolling 17
how to use a line tester to help your animation 18
how this book works 19
chapter 2
matter and the animation of inanimate objects 28
inanimate objects 29
weight 29
environment 30
solidity 30
force 30
construction 30
how to animate inanimate objects 30
the animation of solids 31
a bowling ball 31
a soccer ball 32
a balloon 33
a water-filled balloon 33
the animation of liquids 35
a drip 35
a splash 36
object falling into water 36
chapter 3
the construction of a simple character, its articulation
and balance 48
basic human anatomy 49
the spine 50
the rib cage 50
the pelvic girdle 51
the skull 51
the shoulders 51
joints 52
plane joints 52
pivot joints 53
hinge joints 53
ball-and-socket joints 53
saddle joints 53
condyloid joints 54
moving in arcs 54
how to design a basic human character 55
complexity 56
the graphic nature of characters 56
strong silhouettes 57
weight and balance 57
how to design a 3D character 59
planning a scene 61
animating your characters 62
how to build and rig a simple 3D character 80
skin and bones 81
child of the joint 81
first get your body parts 83
putting bones in your man 83
setting up eye controls 85
setting up the legs 85
chapter 4
timing, anticipation, overshoot, follow-through and
overlapping action with an animated character 87
timing 88
anticipation 90
vi contents
how much anticipation 91
force 92
acting and anticipation 93
double takes! 93
speed and surprise 94
anticipation during a move 94
varying the amount of anticipation 95
other ways of using anticipation 96
follow-through 96
follow-through of inanimate objects 97
follow-through of animate (living) objects 98
overlapping action or overshoot 101
vibration 103
chapter 5
human walks and runs 113
walk cycles! 114
walking 115
pace 115
walking mechanics 116
the four basic positions of a walk 116
the stride positions 116
the cross over positions 117
shoulder movement 118
arm movement 120
up and down movement of the body 120
walk cycles displaying different moods 121
external influences 128
two people walking together 129
running 129
chapter 6
animal walks and runs 136
the four types of animal locomotion 137
construction of an animal 137
pantomime horse 137
cartoon four-legged walks 139
correct four-legged animal construction 140
animal leg and foot construction 140
animals with paws 140
a dog walk 141
a cat walk 145
animals with cloven feet 146
animals with hooves 146
flat feet 147
animal runs 148
contents vii
trotting 148
cantering 149
galloping 150
transverse or rotary gallops and canters 151
chapter 7
animation of fish and snakes 158
fish 158
how they swim 159
drag 159
two swimming types of fish 160
schooling (shoaling) 160
swimming mammals and flatfish 161
rays 161
fins 161
snakes 162
basic movement 162
concertina movement 163
crotaline (sidewinder) movement 163
chapter 8
animation of birds 170
flying 170
wings – insects and humming bird 172
chapter 9
animation of acting – body language 178
acting 179
method acting 180
theatrical acting 180
consequence 180
emotions 181
introduction to Laban Movement theory 182
kinesphere 182
space, time, weight and flow continuums 183
eight basic efforts 183
pressing 183
flicking 183
wringing 184
dabbing 184
slashing 184
gliding 184
thrusting 184
floating 184
viii contents
contents ix
general body language 185
basic body postures 186
open body postures 186
closed body postures 187
forward body postures 187
back body postures 187
responsive 187
reflective 189
fugitive 190
combative 191
palm, hand, arm and leg gestures 192
palm gestures 192
hand gestures 192
arm crossing 193
leg crossing 194
acting out a scene in animation 195
the use of video footage to help your animation 198
the seven questions of character 199
the different sorts of animation acting 200
animated radio 200
pose-to-pose animation acting 201
full animation acting 201
mime 202
analysis of a character 203
building a more sophisticated character 208
chapter 10
animation of acting – facial expressions 214
emotions 215
the eyes 217
facial expressions 219
happiness 219
a smile 219
sadness 220
surprise 221
fear 222
anger 222
disgust and contempt 223
interest 223
pain and distress 224
combination of facial expressions 225
head angle 226
hand-to-face gestures 226
evaluation 227
deceit 227
stress 228
x contents
extreme close-ups 228
how to animate a piece of facial acting 228
how to add a simple mouth and eyebrows to your basic
3D character 238
the eyebrows 239
the mouth 239
chapter 11
animation of acting – two or more characters 241
two characters on screen together 241
the use of ‘beats’ to break up a scene 242
objective 242
obstacle 242
action 242
personal space 243
mirroring 244
how characters look at each other 245
two characters acting with each other while talking 246
two characters alternating from one shot to another 247
a large group of characters on screen at the same time 248
chapter 12
lip-sync 255
recording and breaking down a dialogue track 256
how we speak 257
acting with dialogue 259
quick from pose to pose 260
slow from pose to pose 260
erratically from pose to pose 260
mouth shapes 261
mouth shut consonants 261
the vowels 263
the quieter vowels and consonants 264
teeth 264
animating the mouth shapes early 265
creating a more sophisticated character’s face and expressions 269
eyebrow movements 270
mouth and jaw movements 271
cheek movements 273
nose movements 273
index 275
Доп. информация: http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0240520548/sofa-20/ref=nosim

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