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[Apple] Graham English - Logic Pro X For Dummies [2014, PDF, ENG]

Сообщение Солнышко » 31 янв 2018, 21:44

Logic Pro X For Dummies
Год: 2014
Автор: Graham English
Жанр: Практическое пособие
Издательство: Wiley
ISBN: 9781118875049
Язык: Английский
Формат: PDF
Качество: Изначально компьютерное (eBook)
Интерактивное оглавление: Да
Количество страниц: 384
Описание: Выкручиваем звук на максимум вместе с Logic Pro X - программным обеспечением звукозаписи от фирмы Apple!
Logic Pro X предназначен для создания высококачественной студийной записи музыки для любого музыканта. Logic Pro X - это инструмент профессионального уровня с дружественным интерфейсом, укомплектован новыми функциями, чтобы содержать вас более организовано, таким образом, чтобы вы могли сосредоточиться на создании музыки. Записывать живой звук, MIDI треки и редактировать их быстрей с новым Микшером. Создавая свой собственный набор ударных или же используя вшитую виртуальную ударную установку. Добавьте изюминку в ваш звук используя новые стомпбоксы Pedalboard, а также точно настройте это всё с Flex Pitch. Обретайте волю с Logic Pro X и пусть ваш творческий поток следует вместе с серией публикаций «Logic Pro X For Dummies».
Книгу «Logic Pro X For Dummies» выпустил ветеран профессиональной музыки Грэм Инглыш, она сосредоточина на том, чтобы вы создавали качественно свою музыку. Вы пройдете путь от навигации пользовательского интерфейса до работы с реальными и виртуальными музыкальными инструментами, записью треков, редактирование аудио, добавлению плагинов и все то что между ними, вы узнаете как превратить ваше музыкальное вдохновение в полностью спроектированный мастеринг.
- Вы узнаете, как создать проект, записать концертный живой звук и MIDI, импортировать видео, как сделать микс песен на профессиональном уровне;
- Вы узнаете, как создать покрытие для редактирования аудио при добавлении эффектов и плагинов для достижения идеального звучания;
- Вы узнаете, весь аудио технологический процесс на практике от сведения к мастерингу и экспорту проекта;
- Вы узнаете, как использовать iPad в Logic Pro X при помощи сенсорного интерфейса, чтобы создавать удивительный звук.
Если вы ответственно относитесь к созданию музыки «Logic Pro X For Dummies» является вашим главным руководством к достижению необходимого качества звучания о котором вы так мечтали во всех ваших музыкальных начинаниях.
Грэм Инглыш является одним из основателей сайта logicstudiotraining.com, сайт ориентирован на обучение в Logic Pro. Грэм опытный писатель, наставник и эстрадный артист, он в профессиональном музыкальном бизнесе уже более чем 25 лет.
Introduction ................................................................. 1
About This Book .............................................................................................. 1
Foolish Assumptions.......................................................................................2
Icons Used in This Book ................................................................................. 2
Beyond the Book ............................................................................................. 3
Where to Go from Here...................................................................................3
Part I: Leaping into Logic Pro X..................................... 5
Chapter 1: Getting Logic Pro Up and Sprinting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Embracing Logic Pro ....................................................................................... 8
Transitioning from Other Software ............................................................... 9
Creating with Logic Pro ................................................................................ 10
Thinking like a pro...............................................................................10
Planning your creative process ......................................................... 10
Getting to the finish line...................................................................... 12
Connecting Your Logic Pro Studio .............................................................. 13
Setting up your computer...................................................................14
Connecting your hardware.................................................................15
Building common setups .................................................................... 16
Chapter 2: Examining Logic Pro Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Starting Your Project .................................................................................... 19
Opening a project ................................................................................ 21
Saving a project.................................................................................... 22
Closing a project .................................................................................. 23
Naming and renaming a project......................................................... 23
Augmenting Your Project ............................................................................. 23
Saving time with project templates...................................................23
Autosave your hard work ................................................................... 24
Recover from problems with project backups ................................ 24
Create options with project alternatives..........................................25
Customizing Your Project Settings.............................................................. 26
Import settings and content from other projects............................28
Export your project for collaboration............................................... 29
Tidying Up Your Project ............................................................................... 31
Chapter 3: Exploring the Main Window and Tracks Area . . . . . . . . . . 33
Navigating Logic Pro ..................................................................................... 33
Getting comfortable in the main window ......................................... 34
Working in the tracks area.................................................................. 34
Controlling the control bar................................................................. 37
Polishing in the editors area .............................................................. 40
Investigating the inspector.................................................................41
Taking Inventory of Your Track List ........................................................... 42
Make headway with track headers....................................................42
Make it pretty with track colors ........................................................ 45
Zooming Tracks ............................................................................................. 45
Your Logic Pro Toolbox................................................................................ 47
Keeping It Simple with Smart Controls.......................................................49
Opening smart controls ...................................................................... 50
Editing smart control layouts............................................................. 51
Manually mapping smart controls..................................................... 52
Editing smart control parameters ..................................................... 53
Controlling the controls with your controller ................................. 54
Navigating with Key Commands..................................................................55
Saving Workspaces with Screensets ........................................................... 58
Chapter 4: Embracing Tracks and Regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Knowing Your Track Types..........................................................................61
Audio track ........................................................................................... 62
Software instrument track .................................................................. 63
Drummer track.....................................................................................63
External MIDI track .............................................................................. 64
Track stacks.......................................................................................... 65
Folder track .......................................................................................... 66
Around the Global Tracks ............................................................................ 67
Sorting and Hiding Tracks ............................................................................ 69
Knowing the Region Types...........................................................................70
Audio region ......................................................................................... 70
MIDI region ........................................................................................... 71
Drummer region...................................................................................71
Editing Regions .............................................................................................. 72
Dragging, moving, and resizing regions............................................72
Splitting, joining, and deleting regions.............................................. 73
Snapping regions to a grid..................................................................74
Looping and copying regions.............................................................75
Part II: Digital Recording and Using Prerecorded Media...................................................... 77
Chapter 5: Introduction to Digital Audio and MIDI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Understanding Digital Audio........................................................................79
Acoustics 101........................................................................................ 80
Set your sample rate............................................................................ 81
Determine your bit depth ................................................................... 82
Choosing audio file types.................................................................... 83
Connecting Your Audio Devices..................................................................85
Choosing your input and output device ........................................... 85
Setting your I/O buffer size and reducing latency ........................... 85
Monitoring signals through your hardware or software ................ 86
Exploring audio preferences .............................................................. 87
Understanding MIDI ...................................................................................... 90
Sending MIDI messages.......................................................................90
Changing MIDI channels...................................................................... 91
Connecting Your MIDI Devices .................................................................... 91
Connecting MIDI controllers .............................................................. 91
Connecting external instruments ...................................................... 91
Exploring MIDI preferences ................................................................ 92
Chapter 6: Recording Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Preparing to Record Audio........................................................................... 93
Test your recording levels.................................................................. 95
Enable software and input monitoring.............................................. 96
Setting up the metronome .................................................................. 97
Recording Your First Audio Take ................................................................ 98
Recording Multiple Takes in Cycle Mode...................................................99
Recording Multiple Inputs..........................................................................101
Punching In and Punching Out .................................................................. 101
Setting Up Multiple Monitor Mixes............................................................ 103
Giving your singer a separate vocal cue mix.................................. 104
Chapter 7: Recording MIDI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Preparing to Record MIDI...........................................................................107
Recording external MIDI instruments ............................................. 107
Recording software instruments ..................................................... 110
Recording with musical typing ........................................................ 111
Recording with the step input keyboard ........................................ 112
Recording Your First MIDI Take ................................................................ 114
Recording Multiple MIDI Takes in Cycle Mode........................................115
Creating Tracks in Cycle Mode..................................................................117
Overdubbing MIDI ....................................................................................... 117
Recording Multiple MIDI Inputs.................................................................117
Chapter 8: Adding Media to Your Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Adding Apple Loops to Your Project ........................................................ 119
Navigating the loop browser ............................................................ 120
Adding audio loops............................................................................ 121
Adding MIDI loops ............................................................................. 122
Adding Prerecorded Audio to Your Project............................................. 123
Using the browsers to find audio files ............................................ 124
Adding audio to your project...........................................................125
Adding audio from the media browser ........................................... 126
Adding audio from the all files browser.......................................... 127
Importing Video to Your Project ............................................................... 128
Adding a movie to your project ....................................................... 128
Exploring the movie track................................................................. 129
Creating movie scene markers......................................................... 130
Importing audio from your movie ................................................... 130
Part III: Making Music with Virtual Instruments......... 131
Chapter 9: Making Beats with Drummer and Ultrabeat . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Playing with Your Virtual Drummer.......................................................... 133
Creating a drummer track................................................................. 134
Creating drummer regions................................................................ 135
Choosing and directing your drummer in the editor....................135
Selecting producer kits ..................................................................... 137
Building custom kits with Drum Kit Designer ................................ 138
Converting drummer regions to MIDI regions ............................... 141
Creating Beats with Ultrabeat....................................................................141
Exploring the Ultrabeat interface .................................................... 141
Choosing sounds in the assignment section..................................143
Shaping sounds in the synthesizer section .................................... 144
Sequencing patterns in the step sequencer ................................... 149
Controlling patterns with MIDI......................................................... 151
Exporting patterns into the tracks area .......................................... 152
Chapter 10: Playing Virtual Vintage Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Taking Stock of Vintage Instruments ........................................................ 154
Loading and playing vintage instruments ...................................... 154
Choosing vintage instrument presets ............................................. 155
Spinning Your Tonewheels with the Vintage B3 ..................................... 155
Understanding drawbars .................................................................. 156
Get the vintage vibe with vibrato/chorus and percussion...........160
Playing with presets .......................................................................... 161
Spinning the Leslie............................................................................. 162
Going deep into expert options ....................................................... 163
Controlling the manuals and foot pedals
with MIDI controllers.....................................................................164
Funking Up the Vintage Clav ...................................................................... 164
Choosing your Clav type................................................................... 165
Picking your pickups ......................................................................... 165
Getting classic sounds with effects ................................................. 166
Extending your Clav .......................................................................... 167
Getting the Tone of Tines with the Vintage Electric Piano .................... 168
Exploring tines, reeds, and tone bars ............................................. 168
Producing great sounds with timeless effects ............................... 169
Playing with additional parameters ................................................ 169
Fusing Four Synths with Retro Synth........................................................ 169
Choosing your flavor of synthesis: Analog, sync,
wavetable, and FM ......................................................................... 170
Controlling your synth parameters.................................................170
Modifying synth effects.....................................................................171
Modulating the synth ........................................................................ 171
Chapter 11: Sound Design with Synths and Samplers . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
Exploring the Logic Pro Synths ................................................................. 173
The EFM1 FM synth ........................................................................... 174
The ES1 subtractive synth................................................................176
The ES2 hybrid synth ........................................................................ 178
The ES E ensemble synth..................................................................179
The ES M mono synth........................................................................ 181
The ES P poly synth...........................................................................182
The EVOC 20 poly synth vocoder....................................................183
Sampling with the EXS24 Sampler ............................................................. 184
Importing sample libraries ............................................................... 185
Converting regions to sampler instruments .................................. 186
Controlling sample parameters ....................................................... 186
Editing sampled instruments ........................................................... 188
Modeling Sounds Using Sculpture............................................................. 189
Understanding sound modeling....................................................... 190
Exploring the Sculpture interface....................................................191
Chapter 12: Conducting a Virtual Orchestra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Building an Orchestral Template .............................................................. 194
Choosing your orchestral instruments...........................................195
Choosing appropriate staff styles.................................................... 196
Saving your orchestral template...................................................... 198
Performing Your Orchestra........................................................................ 200
Traveling the World Instruments .............................................................. 201
Part IV: Arranging and Editing Your Project ............... 203
Chapter 13: Arranging Your Music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Working in the Tracks Area........................................................................ 205
Using the ruler.................................................................................... 206
Scrubbing the arrangement..............................................................207
Investigating the region inspector................................................... 207
Investigating the track inspector.....................................................209
Showing Your Global Tracks......................................................................210
Creating and naming markers .......................................................... 211
Creating key signature and time signature changes ..................... 213
Creating tempo changes ................................................................... 215
Creating arrangement markers ........................................................ 217
Creating transposition points .......................................................... 218
Beat Mapping Your Arrangement..............................................................218
Beat mapping MIDI regions............................................................... 219
Beat mapping audio regions............................................................. 219
Automatically beat-mapping regions .............................................. 220
Arranging Regions in the Tracks Area ...................................................... 221
Selecting regions................................................................................222
Selecting parts of regions with the marquee tool.......................... 222
Moving regions................................................................................... 224
Soloing and muting regions .............................................................. 224
Time-stretching regions....................................................................225
Demixing MIDI regions ...................................................................... 226
Fading and crossfading audio regions ............................................ 226
Stripping silence from audio regions .............................................. 227
Creating Folder Tracks ............................................................................... 227
Packing and unpacking folders ........................................................ 228
Adding and removing regions .......................................................... 229
Creating alias folders and regions ................................................... 229
Using Groove Templates ............................................................................ 230
Creating a groove template .............................................................. 231
Importing groove templates from other projects.......................... 232
Importing third-party groove templates.........................................232
Chapter 14: Editing Audio Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Knowing Your Audio Editors ..................................................................... 233
The audio track editor ...................................................................... 234
The audio file editor .......................................................................... 234
Creating the Perfect Take with Quick Swipe Comping ........................... 235
Comping takes....................................................................................236
Creating alternate comps.................................................................. 237
Editing take regions...........................................................................237
Packing and unpacking take folders................................................238
Time Traveling with Flex Time .................................................................. 239
Choosing flex time algorithms ......................................................... 240
Using flex markers ............................................................................. 241
Using the flex tool .............................................................................. 242
Tuning with Flex Pitch ................................................................................ 243
Editing pitch in the tracks area........................................................243
Editing pitch in the audio track editor............................................244
Editing pitch event hotspots ............................................................ 245
Quantizing the pitch and scale of a region.....................................245
Editing Audio in the Audio File Editor ...................................................... 246
Navigating and playing audio...........................................................246
Selecting audio ................................................................................... 248
Editing audio....................................................................................... 249
Chapter 15: Editing MIDI Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Knowing Your MIDI Editors........................................................................251
Editing MIDI in the Piano Roll Editor ........................................................ 255
Adding and editing notes..................................................................256
Editing the velocity of notes............................................................. 257
Quantizing notes ................................................................................ 257
Muting notes....................................................................................... 258
Using MIDI draw.................................................................................258
Editing MIDI in the Step Editor .................................................................. 259
Creating and editing steps................................................................259
Creating and editing lanes ................................................................ 260
Creating and editing lane sets..........................................................260
Editing MIDI in the Score Editor ................................................................ 261
Creating and editing notes in the score..........................................261
Investigating the score region inspector ........................................ 263
Adding items from the part box ....................................................... 264
Editing MIDI in the MIDI Transform Window ........................................... 264
Using transform presets.................................................................... 265
Creating transform presets............................................................... 266
Editing MIDI in the Event List Editor.........................................................266
Displaying events...............................................................................267
Creating and editing events.............................................................. 267
Editing Your MIDI Environment.................................................................268
Exploring object parameters............................................................268
Viewing environment layers.............................................................269
Inserting objects in the environment..............................................270
Part V: Mixing, Mastering, and Sharing Your Music .... 271
Chapter 16: Mixing Your Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Understanding Important Mixing Concepts.............................................273
Mindset................................................................................................ 274
Acoustics............................................................................................. 274
Balance ................................................................................................ 276
Panning................................................................................................ 277
Frequency ........................................................................................... 278
Depth ................................................................................................... 279
Effects .................................................................................................. 279
Dynamics............................................................................................. 279
Interest ................................................................................................ 280
Knowing Your Channel Strip Types .......................................................... 281
Audio channel strips ......................................................................... 282
Instrument channel strips ................................................................ 282
MIDI channels strips..........................................................................282
Auxiliary channel strips .................................................................... 282
Output channel strips ....................................................................... 283
Using Meters to Visualize Volume and Levels ......................................... 284
Understanding clipping..................................................................... 284
Choosing pre-fader or post-fader metering....................................285
Changing the level-meter scale ........................................................ 286
Adjusting Channel Strip Controls..............................................................287
Adjusting volume and toggling between levels.............................. 288
Adjusting the pan balance ................................................................ 288
Muting and soloing tracks ................................................................ 288
Grouping tracks.................................................................................. 289
Choosing input and output settings................................................290
Selecting channel strip settings ....................................................... 291
Adding Effects to Tracks............................................................................. 291
Adding audio and MIDI insert effects .............................................. 291
Adding send effects ........................................................................... 293
Controlling Signal Flow ............................................................................... 293
Understanding how insert and send effects work.........................294
Using auxiliary channel strips..........................................................294
Using multi-output instruments.......................................................295
Using the output and master channel strips..................................296
Adjusting the EQ of Your Tracks ............................................................... 297
Adding Channel EQ............................................................................297
Using match EQ..................................................................................298
Adding Depth with Reverb and Delay.......................................................300
Using Space Designer ........................................................................ 301
Using Delay Designer......................................................................... 302
Adding or Removing Dynamics with Compression................................. 304
Using Compressor ............................................................................. 304
Using Limiter ...................................................................................... 307
Using other dynamics tools.............................................................. 308
Taking Track Notes ..................................................................................... 308
Chapter 17: Automating Your Mix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
Turning Your Mix Into a Performance with Automation........................311
Choosing Your Automation Mode.............................................................312
Adding Automation to Your Tracks .......................................................... 313
Adjusting automation points............................................................314
Moving regions with or without automation.................................. 314
Editing automation with MIDI draw................................................. 315
Recording Live Automation........................................................................ 315
Chapter 18: Mastering Your Final Track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 317
Fine-Tuning EQ.............................................................................................317
Using Linear Phase EQ ...................................................................... 318
Matching a reference mix with Match EQ....................................... 319
Adding Multiband Compression................................................................320
Using Multipressor ............................................................................ 320
Avoiding a squashed mix..................................................................321
Turn It Up ..................................................................................................... 321
Using Adaptive Limiter for maximum loudness............................. 322
Matching levels to other recorded material................................... 323
Chapter 19: Bouncing and Sharing Your Music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325
Bouncing Your Project................................................................................ 325
Recording external instruments before you bounce .................... 326
Bouncing to an audio file .................................................................. 327
Creating Stems and Alternate Mixes ......................................................... 328
Bouncing a stem mix ......................................................................... 329
Bouncing alternate mixes ................................................................. 329
Sharing Your Music ..................................................................................... 330
Sharing your project to iTunes ........................................................ 330
Sharing your project to the media browser ................................... 330
Sharing your project to SoundCloud............................................... 331
Part VI: The Part of Tens ........................................... 333
Chapter 20: Ten Ways to Use an iPad with Logic Pro X . . . . . . . . . . . 335
Playing Keys ................................................................................................. 335
Playing Guitar............................................................................................... 336
Playing Drums .............................................................................................. 337
Editing Tracks and Your Arrangement ..................................................... 338
Using Your iPad Mixing Console................................................................ 339
Recording Remotely....................................................................................340
Commanding Logic Pro............................................................................... 341
Navigating Logic Pro ................................................................................... 341
Sketching Songs with GarageBand ............................................................ 342
Importing iPad Audio .................................................................................. 343
Chapter 21: Ten Tips to Speed Your Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 345
Keep Detailed Notes....................................................................................345
Use Key Commands..................................................................................... 346
Use Screensets ............................................................................................. 346
Save Track Stack Patches and Channel Strip Settings............................347
Choose a Tool and Master It ...................................................................... 347
Choose a Tool and Ignore It ....................................................................... 348
Use the Fastest Way, Not the Right Way .................................................. 348
Establish a Troubleshooting Strategy....................................................... 349
Save and Back Up Frequently .................................................................... 349
Don’t Lose Sight of the Music .................................................................... 350
Index ....................................................................... 351
Description
Crank your sound up to X with Apple's premier recording software and Logic Pro X For Dummies!
Apple's Logic Pro X levels the playing field, making high-quality studio recordings accessible for any musician. It's a professional-level tool with a user-friendly interface and loads of new features to keep you more organized so you can focus on creating rather than computing. Record live audio and MIDI tracks and edit faster with the new Mixer. Create your own drum kit, or work with the native virtual session drummer. Add flavor to your sound with new Pedalboard stompboxes, and fine-tune it all with Flex Pitch. You'll let loose with Logic Pro X and let your creativity flow with help from For Dummies.
Written by veteran music and audio professional Graham English, Logic Pro X For Dummies jumps right in to using Apple's high-end recording software so you can focus on doing what you do best—making music. From navigating the user interface to working with real and virtual instruments, recording tracks, editing audio, adding plug-ins, and everything in between, you'll learn how to turn your musical inspiration into a fully-engineered and mastered demo.
- Shows you how to create a project, record live audio and MIDI tracks, import video, and mix songs like a pro
- Covers editing audio and adding effects and plug-ins to achieve your ideal sound
- Walks you through the entire audio engineering process from mix-down to mastering and exporting your final cut
- Includes information on how to use iPad and its touch interface to create amazing sound
If you're serious about your sound, Logic Pro X For Dummies is your ultimate guide to achieving the quality you've been dreaming of and turning the volume up on all your musical endeavors.
Author Information
Graham English is the cofounder of logicstudiotraining.com, the leading premium tutorial website for learning Logic Pro. Graham is an experienced writer, instructor, and entertainer and has been a music and audio professional for more than twenty-five years.

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