Тип раздаваемого материала: Видеоурок
Продолжительность: 48 лекций по 30 минут
Год выпуска: 2011
Описание: Курс лекций посвящен истории Европы от позднего Средневековья до Второй мировой. Большое внимание уделено разным политическим системам, сменившимся за это время.
For anyone living in the Western world, Europe is so much more than just a varied mix of travel destinations, an inspiring example of different cultures living side by side, and a set of historical events that forever altered the history of Western civilization. Europe is, in fact, as much an idea as it is a place.
Understanding how Europe evolved is essential for anyone seeking an in-depth grasp of both the history of Western civilization—and its future—for a variety of reasons:
Almost all of the West's important political, social, cultural, and economic institutions and ideologies either came from Europe or evolved in reaction to it.
To witness how European civilization developed is to understand why and how the entire Western world became who and what it is.
Finally, such an understanding is essential if you are to have a nuanced grasp of the important events that dominate the daily news.
In short, and in almost every way that matters, historical Europe was the laboratory in which the world you now live in was conceived and tested. And you'll be living with the consequences of those experiments for the rest of your life.
The Development of European Civilization leads you through the doors of that laboratory and guides you through the development of Europe from the late Middle Ages through the eve of World War II. In these 48 lectures delivered by University of Toronto Professor Kenneth R. Bartlett, whose award-winning teaching skills have been evident in the classroom, in books, and through video lectures for more than 30 years—you'll finally grasp the amazing results of that European laboratory over more than 600 years of history.
Experience the Mosaic of European History
As you follow Professor Bartlett through the dramatic story of European history, you'll learn
the major ideologies and "isms" that bubbled forth from Europe's constantly fermenting cauldron of debate and conflict, including absolutism, scientism, rationalism, capitalism, nationalism, liberalism, and totalitarianism;
the forces that intermingled to create the Industrial Revolution and the accompanying economic and social upheavals that would, in turn, create so many more;
the changing technologies of communication and transportation that would spread the European experience and ideas far and wide;
the European ideologies of government, including the rule of law, the concept of "the consent of the governed," taxation, an independent judiciary, and other concepts;
the new roles for religion in European life, from the end of the traditional union of altar and throne to great upheavals such as the Protestant Reformation and the Great Schism; and
the evolution of the European class system, which influenced the social forces that swirled around it just as much as it was influenced by them.
With The Development of European Civilization, one important idea will become crystal clear to you: Although history may well be made up of events taking place over time, the true meaning of history can never be discerned through a linear recitation of those events. That's because history, as every lecture of this remarkable course proves, is a mosaic—and to grasp that mosaic's meaning is to learn to see history in its entirety; to understand the ways in which ideas, institutions, and social forces have interacted to paint each tile, set it among the others, and, when necessary, shatter them into fragments to replace them with others.
Change the Way You Understand History
To learn to see history in this way requires a course designed to teach it this way, and Professor Bartlett's lectures take an unusual and profoundly thoughtful approach that make The Development of European Civilization an ideal complement to more traditional presentations of European history.
Rather than offering you a laundry list of dates, events, and famous individuals, Professor Bartlett leaves you instead with an understanding of historical and social causality and a stronger appreciation of just why events took place. You'll learn why and how institutions evolved as they did, and what the ideas, culture, and institutions born in Europe have meant—and will continue to mean—to the rest of the Western world. More important: You'll experience Europe's development from a European perspective, further enhancing your existing understanding of both modern Europe and Western nations outside Europe, whose own traditions and institutions have drawn so much from the European experiment.
Although key events and individuals are included in these lectures, they take their importance in this course from their impact on the ideas of their time and the roles that they played in bringing about the key ideas and forces of the events that were yet to come. You'll learn how to see names like Diderot, Calvin, Darwin, Marx, Luther, Mill, Newton, Robespierre, Hitler, Mussolini, Wilson, and so many others in startling new ways. These and other figures, you'll discover, are not only participants in history's great pageant but characters created by forces beyond themselves—forces whose resonances would echo well into our own time.
Witness History in the Making
Each lecture focuses on a particular moment in time and analyzes the circumstances that would drive the evolution of the ideas, forces, and institutions that created European history.
The Crusades: These fierce medieval wars were far more than a series of religious conflicts. They were perhaps the single most important cause of the shift away from a manorial economy to a money-based economy. Moving knights to the Holy Land required massive concentrations of capital, the establishment of trading cities, and the mobilization of vast numbers of skilled people. None of this could have happened without reliable coinage and systems of commercial law.
The Industrial Revolution: The consequences of the Industrial Revolution in England reached into almost every aspect of life. This period's great gears meshed not only with the machinery of the economic world but also with that of urbanizing populations, the flow of information, changing beliefs about social justice, new religious freedoms that made practical and scientific information available to nonconformists, and new laws designed to enhance this unprecedented explosion of progress.
The Dreyfus Affair: The unjust accusation of Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French army, for selling secrets to the Germans in 1894 was a defining moment in the history of modern France. In this single case of military justice gone awry, you see the intersection of forces such as anti-Semitism, military insularity, religion in public life, and support for monarchism.
An Accomplished Professor, a Masterful Historian
One of Professor Bartlett's greatest accomplishments in crafting The Development of European Civilization lies in his ability to sustain his focus on ideas, institutions, social forces, and other abstract concepts without ever being dry, and without losing sight of the human beings around whom those abstractions swirled.
A terrific storyteller, he teaches with great enthusiasm and flow, making his lectures a pleasure to watch or listen to and making it plainly evident why his teaching skills have won him numerous awards and accolades, including the 3M National Teaching Fellowship from the Canadian Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education and the President's Teaching Award from the University of Toronto. Moreover, as he effortlessly leads you through general historical trends and specific defining events, Professor Bartlett never leaves you stretching for understanding.
Simply put, Professor Bartlett is an accomplished teacher and a masterful historian. With The Development of European Civilization, this popular Great Courses professor has crafted an extraordinarily integrated learning experience that is sure to be one of the most pleasurable and informative experiences of historical learning you'll ever have.
01. The Idea and Place of Europe
02. Feudalism and the Medieval World
03. The Three Orders of Medieval Society
04. The Manorial Economy
05. The Growth of Trade and Towns
06. Humanism and the Italian Renaissance
07. Crisis in the Church
08. Christian Humanism
09. The Ottoman Threat to Europe
10. The Expansion of Europe
11. The Continental Reformation—Luther
12. The Continental Reformation—Calvin
13. The Wars of Religion
14. The English Reformation
15. The English Civil War
16. The Thirty Years' War
17. The Absolute Monarchy
18. The Scientific Revolution
19. The Enlightenment, Part 1
20. The Enlightenment, Part 2
21. France in 1789
22. The French Revolution
23. The Age of Napoleon
24. The Congress of Vienna
25. The Industrial Revolution
26. The Industrial Working Class
27. Capitalism and European Society
28. The Middle Class
29. Liberals and Liberalism
30. Liberal Government
31. Science and Progress
32. 19th-Century Optimism
33. Nationalism and 1848
34. The Unifications of Germany and Italy
35. Darwin and Darwinism
36. Social Darwinism
37. Socialism and Utopianism
38. Marx and Marxism
39. Reactions to Rationalism
40. Fin de Siècle
41. World War I
42. The Treaty of Versailles
43. The Disintegration of the Established Order
44. The Bolshevik Revolution
45. Fascism in Italy
46. The Nazi Regime in Germany
47. Europe between the Wars
48. The New Europe
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Жанр : Development of European Civilization
Дата записи : 2011
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