Тип раздаваемого материала: Видеоурок
Продолжительность: 24:04:29 (48 лекций по 30 минут + introduction)
Год выпуска: 2008
Описание: Данный цикл лекций посвящен проблемам человеческих эмоций, восприятия и сознания в представлении разных школ психологии.
If you've ever wanted to delve more deeply into the mysteries of human emotion, perception, and cognition, and of why we do what we do, this course offers a superb place to start.
As you hear these lectures, you hear the entire history of psychology unfold. And you learn that the subject most of us today associate with names like Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and B. F. Skinner really began thousands of years earlier.
In the hands of Professor Daniel N. Robinson, this course roams far and wide, encompassing ideas, speculations, and point-blank moral questions that might just dismantle and rebuild everything you once thought you knew about psychology.
Witness the Debate over Psychology's Very Existence
In fact, you not only learn what psychology is, but even if it is, as Professor Robinson discusses the constantly shifting debate over the nature of psychology itself.
You see one school of thought after another enter the fray, trying to determine how this strange thing called the human "mind" is to be understood, studied, and treated:
Are we an entity that simply perceives an external world and piles one experience upon another in order to learn?
Could such a process even happen without an intervening rationality to make sense of it all?
Or is "mind" itself merely an unobservable illusion, leaving the science of psychology with little more to study than the actual physical realities of body and brain?
It's a debate that has raged for centuries, and to take this course is to see the question and its implications with a new clarity.
A Multidisciplinary Teacher of Exceptional Skills
Originally trained as a neuropsychologist, Professor Robinson's decades of lecturing and distinguished scholarship have also established him as an authority in the fields of philosophical psychology, the history of psychology, and the junction of psychology and law.
So it is no surprise that he brings clarity, coherence, and comprehensiveness to this stimulating treatment of psychological speculation, debate, and investigation through the ages.
We think you'll agree that he has crafted a fascinating and immensely thought-provoking course—one that is philosophically well-grounded, scientifically informative, and engagingly presented by a true master of the teaching art.
It is a course, in short, for the "seeker" in you, designed to satisfy your need to know, your willingness to self-examine, and your restless curiosity about the world around you.
In fact, the array of ideas, cases, and issues you encounter is so remarkable, embracing so diverse a spectrum of thinkers and subjects, that you might find it hard to believe you're taking just a "psychology" course.
Some of What You Will Learn
Lecture by lecture, Professor Robinson navigates from one subject to the next, and you follow along as he recreates a Platonic dialogue; explains brain physiology; or explores the intricacies of middle ear construction, the psychological underpinnings of the Salem witch trials, and the history of the insanity defense.
Among other things, you learn:
how a brilliant young scientist's temporary blindness led to pioneering research in sensory psychology
why some survivors of hydrocephaly can function normally despite having lost as much as two-fifths of their brain mass
what Gödel's Incompleteness Theorem suggests about claims for the existence of Artificial Intelligence
how the once-prestigious, now-derided "sciences" of phrenology and mesmerism contributed to psychological knowledge
why David Hume held that causality itself is essentially a psychological phenomenon, and what his fellow philosopher and Scotsman Thomas Reid argued in response
what happened when a Stanford psychologist and his students decided to study "being sane in insane places" by getting themselves committed to a mental institution
why Aristotle believed that a virtuous civic life is the prior condition of individual psychic flourishing
how the brain is able to "rewire" itself to compensate for particular traumas at an early age
if high heritability determines how much the environment influences the value of a trait.
Three Powerful Traditions
Professor Robinson explains how the different traditions of psychology and their rich intellectual histories relate to the "great debate of the ages" about being, knowledge, freedom, and the sources of and standards for human conduct.
Thus you learn how the three great intellectual traditions of materialism, empiricism, and rationalism—each one an answer to the basic questions of being and knowledge—powerfully influence the theory and practice of psychology to this day.
Along the way, you'll meet Freud, Skinner, Jung, Watson, Piaget, Erikson, and other giants.
But you also learn why Homer, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Hume, and Kant must also be counted among the founders of psychology.
An Exceptional Range of Brilliant Thinkers
And that's only a small sampling of the exceptional range of brilliant thinkers whose ideas have contributed to the subject of this course.
You encounter these great minds as you:
study the contributions made to the understanding of human knowledge, volition, and the mind-body problem by great philosophers and scientists, including Bacon, Descartes, Newton, Leibniz, and Mill
probe the sources of our capacities for altruism, learning, language, conformity, and aggression
share correspondence between Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, David Hume and Thomas Reid, and Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung
think through a thought experiment on human freedom
review the insights gleaned from famous neurological cases such as that of "Broca's brain"
sail to the Galapagos Islands with Darwin
ponder the insights and perplexities of psychoanalysis with Freud
ponder the provocative discussion of the moral implications of a true Artificial Intelligence—a thinking computer—and whether such a machine would have "rights," including the right not to be turned off; i.e., the right to life.
As Professor Robinson remarks at the end of that particular lecture, "If you don't have at least one sleepless night over these possibilities, then I've been less than clear."
00. Professor Bio.avi
01. Defining the Subject.avi
02. Ancient Foundations - Greek Philosophers and Physicians.avi
03. Minds Possessed - Witchery and the Search for Explanations.avi
04. The Emergence of Modern Science - Locke's Newtonian Theory of Mind.avi
05. Three Enduring isms - Empiricism, Rationalism, Materialism.avi
06. Sensation and Perception.avi
07. The Visual Process.avi
09. Singal Detection Theory.avi
10. Perceptual Constancies and Illusions.avi
11. Learning and Memory - Associationism - Aristotle to Ebbinghaus.avi
12. Pavlov and the Conditioned Reflex.avi
13. Watson and American Behaviorism.avi
14. B.F. Skinner and Modern Behaviorism.avi
15. B.F. Skinner and the Engineering of Society.avi
17. The Integration of Experience.avi
18. Perception and Attention.avi
19. Cognitive Maps, Insight, and Animal Minds.avi
20. Memory Revisited - Mnemonics and Context.avi
21. Piaget's Stage Theory of Cognitive Development.avi
22. The Development of Moral Reasoning.avi
23. Knowledge, Thinking, and Understanding.avi
24. Comprehending the World of Experience - Cognition Summarized.avi
25. Psychobiology - Nineteenth-Century Foundations.avi
26. Language and the Brain.avi
27. Rationality, Problem-Solving, and Brain Function.avi
28. The Emotional Brain - The Limbic System.avi
29. Violence and the Brain.avi
30. Psychopathology - The Medical Model.avi
31. Artificial Intelligence and the Neurocognitive Revolution.avi
32. Is Artificial Intelligence Intelligent.avi
33. What Makes an Event Social.avi
34. Socialization - Darwin and the Natural History Method.avi
35. Freud's Debt to Darwin.avi
36. Freud, Breuer, and the Theory of Repression.avi
37. Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development.avi
38. Critiques of Freudian Theory.avi
39. What is Personality.avi
40. Obedience and Conformity.avi
42. Prejudice and Self-Deception.avi
43. On Being Sane in Insane Places.avi
45. Personality Traits and the Problem of Assessment.avi
46. Genetic Psychology and The Bell Curve.avi
47. Psychological and Biological Determinism.avi
48. Civic Development - Psychology, the Person, and the Polis.avi
Видео кодек: XviD
Аудио кодек: MP3
Видео: XviD, 720х480, 3:2, 621 kbps, 29,970 fps
Аудио: MP3, 192 kbps, 44,1 kHz, 2 ch
Формат : AVI
Формат/Информация : Audio Video Interleave
Размер файла : 167 МиБ
Продолжительность : 28 м.
Общий поток : 824 Кбит/сек
Идентификатор : 0
Формат : MPEG-4 Visual
Профайл формата : Advanced Simple@L5
Параметры BVOP формата : Да
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Режим смешивания : Сжатый битовый поток
Идентификатор кодека : XVID
Идентификатор кодека/Подсказка : XviD
Продолжительность : 28 м.
Битрейт : 621 Кбит/сек
Ширина : 720 пикс.
Высота : 480 пикс.
Соотношение кадра : 3:2
Частота кадров : 29,970 кадр/сек
Стандарт вещания : NTSC
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Тип развёртки : Прогрессивная
Бит/(Пиксели*Кадры) : 0.060
Размер потока : 125 МиБ (75%)
Библиотека кодирования : XviD 1.1.2 (UTC 2006-11-01)
Идентификатор : 1
Формат : MPEG Audio
Версия формата : Version 1
Профайл формата : Layer 3
Идентификатор кодека : 55
Идентификатор кодека/Подсказка : MP3
Продолжительность : 28 м.
Вид битрейта : Постоянный
Битрейт : 192 Кбит/сек
Канал(ы) : 2 канала(ов)
Частота : 44,1 КГц
Задержка видео : 26 мс.
Размер потока : 38,8 МиБ (23%)
Выравнивание : Разделение по промежуткам
Продолжительность промежутка : 33 мс. (1,00 видеокадр)
Заголовок : Audio Stream