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Видео TTC Video - Understanding Linguistics: The Science of Language \ Понимание лингвистики: наука о языке [Лекции, DVDRip]

Сообщение asder » 20 июн 2012, 00:39

Understanding Linguistics: The Science of Language \ Понимание лингвистики: наука о языке
Автор: John McWhorter \ Джон МакВортер
Страна: США
Жанр: Лекции
Издательство: The Teaching Company
Язык: английский
Продолжительность: 36 лекций по 30 минут

Описание: Мы все используем язык каждый день. Язык, не считая особых диалектов - это инструмент с помощью которого мы выражаем свои чувства, потребности, желания. Не так давно, многие эксперты, изучающие лингвистику, пришли к выводу, что объем и правила в каждом языке универсальны. А какие это правила - именно об этом повествует данный курс лекций...
Course Lecture Titles
Course Lecture Titles
1. What Is Linguistics?
2. The Sounds of Language—Consonants
3. The Other Sounds—Vowels
4. In the Head versus On the Lips
5. How to Make a Word
6. The Chomskyan Revolution
7. Deep Structure and Surface Structure
8. The On-Off Switches of Grammar
9. Shades of Meaning and Semantic Roles
10. From Sentence to Storytelling
11. Language on Its Way to Becoming a New One
12. Recovering Languages of the Past
13. Where Grammar Comes From
14. Language Change from Old English to Now
15. What Is an Impossible Language?
16. How Children Learn to Speak
17. How We Learn Languages as Adults
18. How You Talk and How They Talk
19. How Class Defines Speech
20. Speaking Differently, Changing the Language
21. Language and Gender
22. Languages Sharing the World—Bilingualism
23. Languages Sharing a Sentence—Code-Switching
24. The Rules of Conversation
25. What Is This Thing Called Language?
26. Speech as Action
27. Uses of Talk from Culture to Culture
28. Does Language Channel Thought? The Evidence
29. Does Language Channel Thought? New Findings
30. Is Language Going to the Dogs?
31. Why Languages Are Never Perfect
32. The Evolution of Writing
33. Writing Systems
34. Doing Linguistics—With a Head Start
35. Doing Linguistics—From the Ground Up
36. The Evolution of Language
Описание на английском языке
We all use language every day of our lives. Language, regardless of the particular dialect spoken, is the tool we use to express our wants, our needs, and our feelings.
We all use language every day of our lives. Language, regardless of the particular dialect spoken, is the tool we use to express our wants, our needs, and our feelings.
Recently, many experts who study language have become convinced by an idea about this remarkable human trait that was, only a few decades ago, utterly revolutionary. These experts believe that the capacity for spoken language and the rules for its structure are not cultural but universal—a set of rules shared by humans in every culture and that even may be hardwired into our brains. Moreover, these rules apply regardless of which of the world's 6,000 languages are being spoken.
But what are these rules? How do they work? And how can knowing them enhance your experience of the world?
The 36 lectures of Understanding Linguistics: The Science of Language—taught by acclaimed linguist, author, and Professor John McWhorter from the Manhattan Institute—are your opportunity to take a revealing journey through the fascinating terrain of linguistics. You focus on the scientific aspects of human language that were left out of any classes you may have taken in English or a foreign language, and you emerge from your journey with a newfound appreciation of the mysterious machinery built into all of us—an appreciation likely to surface time and again in your everyday life.
Gain Insights into How We Speak
"When we talk about language, we talk about the way people talk," says Professor McWhorter. Just as linguistics opens windows into our past, it can also reveal more about the world we live in today.
It was once possible, perhaps even likely, to go through daily life without encountering someone who spoke a different language. But in today's increasingly diverse world, where you can encounter different languages in different settings and where you might even speak multiple languages yourself, understanding how languages operate is increasingly important and can be extraordinarily rewarding.
In Understanding Linguistics, you explore the vast field of scientific linguistics and discover why this burgeoning field is becoming increasingly important in your everyday life:
Glean the real meanings hidden in everyday conversations.
Understand the process by which young children learn to speak.
Comprehend that changes in language (including new words, constructions, or usages) are a normal and inevitable part of the language's evolution.
Grasp the complex interaction of language, brain structure, and the physiology of the human mouth.
See how the science of language can reveal nuances of human history beyond the reach of any other discipline.
From Building Blocks to Social Tools
Professor McWhorter explains and illustrates the critical elements and purposes of language, from its most basic building blocks to its uses as a nuanced social tool:
The basic sounds from which human language is built and why the English alphabet, with only 26 letters, is inadequate to deal with the 44 sounds of our own language—a dilemma solved by the International Phonetic Alphabet
How these sounds are combined into words and words into sentences, and how rules of structure hardwired into everyone's brain work to ensure that those sentences have meaning within whatever language is being spoken
How children learn to acquire their first language spontaneously but why learning a second language can be so difficult
Why language, from the level of basic sounds to the customs of usage, inevitably changes over time
How writing systems, which exist for only about 200 of the world's approximately 6,000 languages, evolved
Meet Pioneering Linguists
Understanding Linguistics also introduces you to many of the individuals who have most influenced our scientific understanding of language. The business of linguists isn't policing language, correcting your grammar, or acting as a translator; instead, linguists devote themselves to the scientific study of human language. These are some of the many pioneers of the field whom you meet in this course:
Jacob Grimm: Best known to the general public for the often-dark folk tales he collected with his brother, Grimm demonstrated the systematic and predictable way the sounds of a language evolve, offering linguists a way to trace current languages back to their roots.
Noam Chomsky: Also a political commentator and activist, Chomsky founded the influential school of syntactic analysis—the study of how words are ordered into sentences—and developed the now widely accepted hypothesis of a hardwired human capacity for language.
Edward Sapir: Sapir first put forth the seed of what was ultimately to become one of linguistics' most enduring theories: that languages, to some extent, reflect the thought patterns and cultural outlooks of their speakers.
Benjamin Whorf: Building on the ideas of Sapir, Whorf developed what became known as the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: the idea that people's languages actually channel the way in which they perceive the world.
Ferdinand de Saussure: Straddling the 19th and 20th centuries, de Saussure laid the foundation for modern linguistics analysis with his idea that language could be analyzed as it exists in the moment and not just from a historical perspective.
William Labov: One of the first linguists to examine how race, class, and gender influence language, Labov, in his signature study The Social Stratification of English in New York City, inaugurated the now-vigorous subfield of sociolinguistics.
An Entertaining, Captivating Instructor
Professor McWhorter, a prolific writer and frequent media commentator, makes the process of understanding linguistics intensely rewarding.
Supplementing his own considerable teaching skills with recorded materials and exclusively developed graphics designed to make even complex ideas immediately graspable, he takes you inside your own mind and into cultures and social situations around the world to explain the surprisingly orderly and hierarchical levels of human language.
In exploring the ideas and people that make this course both intellectually rigorous and readily accessible, Professor McWhorter is tirelessly entertaining and as captivated by his subject as he wants you to be. His use of humor, personal anecdotes, and unexpected forays into contemporary culture make Understanding Linguistics a course you'll savor long after you've finished the final lecture.
Undoubtedly, you'll find its insights surfacing whenever you experience the language around you.
The Teaching Company
The Teaching Company was founded in 1990 by Thomas M. Rollins, former Chief Counsel of the United States Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.
Years earlier, as a Harvard Law School student, Rollins had an unforgettable experience that opened his eyes to the extraordinary power of a great lecturer captured on tape.
Rollins was facing an important exam in the Federal Rules of Evidence but was not well prepared. He managed to obtain videotapes of 10 one-hour lectures by a noted authority on the subject, Professor Irving Younger.
"I dreaded what seemed certain to be boring," Rollins says. "I thought that few subjects could be as dull as the Federal Rules of Evidence. But I had no other way out."
Rollins planted himself in front of the TV and played all 10 hours nearly non-stop. The lectures, he says, "were outrageously insightful, funny, and thorough." Watching Professor Younger's lectures was one of Rollins's best experiences as a student.
Rollins made an "A" in the course. And he never forgot the unique power of recorded lectures by a great teacher.
After many years of government service, Rollins founded The Teaching Company in 1990 to ignite people's passion for lifelong learning by offering great courses taught by great professors.
Качество: DVDRip
Формат: AVI
Видео кодек: XviD
Аудио кодек: MP3
Видео: 640 х 480, 29.97fps
Аудио: 48KHz Stereo 105 kbps
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Автор: asder
Добавлен: 20 июн 2012, 00:39
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