Тип раздаваемого материала: Видеоурок
Продолжительность: 24:06:46 (48 лекций по 30 минут + introduction + заставки)
Год выпуска: 2010
Описание: Цикл лекций, посвященный истории Китая от средневековья до XXI века, причем бОльшая часть лекций охватывает период новейшей истории.
China—the world's oldest continuous civilization—has undergone an astonishing transformation in a brief span of recent history. Since the collapse of its once-glorious empire in 1911, China has seen decades of epic turmoil and upheavals, emerging in the new century as both an authoritarian megastate and an economic powerhouse, poised to become an imposing global force.
By current estimates, the People's Republic is set to outpace the United States economically in the coming decades and to rival or surpass it militarily, making China the richest, most powerful nation on earth.
How did this happen? How can we account for China's momentous—and almost wholly unanticipated—global rise? And what does it mean, for us in the West and for humanity's future?
Speaking to these vital and fascinating questions, The Fall and Rise of China, taught by China expert and Professor Richard Baum of the University of California, Los Angeles, brings to vivid life the human struggles, the titanic political upheavals, and the spectacular speed of China's modern rebirth. Offering multilevel insight into one of the most astounding real-life dramas of modern history, The Fall and Rise of China weaves together the richly diverse developments and sociopolitical currents that created the China we now see in the headlines.
As we enter what some are already calling the "Chinese century," the role of China is deeply fundamental to our reading of the direction of world civilization and history. In 48 penetrating lectures, The Fall and Rise of China takes you to the heart of the events behind China's new global presence, leaving you with a clear view of both the story itself and its critical implications for our world.
Redefining a Colossus
The timeliness of Professor Baum's revealing commentary would be hard to exaggerate.
China's impact on U.S. domestic issues, such as job outsourcing and energy acquisition, as well as a massive U.S. foreign debt to China and inevitable military power sharing, bind America's future to the People's Republic in ways that are becoming compellingly apparent.
As China's policies increasingly impact the world community in economic, military, and environmental terms, these lectures provide crucial understanding of the most important new force in today's world.
The Fall and Rise of China also sheds a bright light on the history of the Socialist experiment and the present business environment of China, and deepens your understanding of world civilization through an in-depth look at a culture profoundly different from your own.
A Story to Challenge the Imagination
In Professor Baum's words, China's modern history unfolds as a story of awe-inspiring dimensions—a chronicle of the largest revolution in the history of the world, of monumental excesses and abuses of power, of unimaginable hardship for millions, of the effort to reinvent a vast and unwieldy socioeconomic system, and of the often deadly clash between ideology and human realities.
The course gives you a detailed understanding of all the core events in China's century of stunning change, including these major happenings:
* Collapse of the Qing dynasty: You study the interlacing social, political, and economic factors that led to the fall of China's 2,000-year empire and the implacable call for new political paradigms.
* The Republican era and civil wars: In the wake of the defunct empire, you witness the drama of the short-lived Chinese Republic, followed by political chaos and the long strategic battle between Republican forces and the seemingly unstoppable Communist Party.
* The "Great Leap Forward": In a landmark episode of the Mao era, the regime's grand-scale projects to communize agriculture and galvanize industry saw bureaucratic mismanagement leading to tragedy for tens of millions of Chinese.
* The Cultural Revolution: During this bitter era of the 1960s, festering tensions between the Maoist regime and its critics erupted in a brutal campaign of terror and repression against perceived enemies of Socialism.
* China's post-Mao economic "miracle": In the later lectures you track the specific reforms and ideological shifts that opened China to global economic engagement and forged its new role as a free-market dynamo.
As your guide to these history-shaping events, Professor Baum takes you far beyond the realm of academic theorizing. Describing his subject as an "adventure story," he reveals a 40-year personal interface with China, more than 30 visits to the People's Republic, and an intimate witnessing of the struggles, crises, and victories of the Chinese people.
A storyteller of extraordinary flair, he takes you onto the Beijing streets, into Shanghai industrial plants, and into the thick of highly charged protests and his own vivid encounters with numerous Chinese, recounting key elements of the story as he saw them unfold.
The Human Face of Change
China's remaking is peopled by some of the 20th century's most colorful and impactful human beings. Your investigation of key figures in the story includes these fascinating personalities:
* Cixi, the Empress Dowager: A former concubine and an iron-willed manipulator, she rose to command the Manchu Empire in its death throes, speeding its disintegration through her own calculated opposition to reform.
* Dr. Sun Yat-sen: A uniquely pivotal revolutionary figure, Sun played key roles in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty, the creation of the Chinese Republic, and the founding of the Chinese Nationalist Party, the Guomindang, still a force on Taiwan.
* Chiang K'ai-shek: Dynamic but ultimately inept military leader of the Republican forces, he waged a long, unsuccessful battle against the Communists, finally leading his defeated forces to found a regime in exile—the Republic of China on Taiwan.
* Mao Zedong: China's larger-than-life revolutionary icon. Enigmatic, brilliant, and ruthless, he led the Communist forces through the long civil wars and presided as a near dictator over the new Socialist state through a quarter-century of trials and tragedies.
* Deng Xiaoping: Mao's ultimate successor and a master strategist, he initiated, then fought mightily to preserve the reforms that propelled China to the forefront of global economic power.
Throughout the lectures, Professor Baum reveals highly unusual details that enrich the cinematic sweep of the story. You learn about the Christian warlord who baptized his troops with a fire hose, the strange kidnapping of Chiang K'ai-shek, the politically explosive forgery carried out by Mao's wife, and Professor Baum's own smuggling of top-secret documents out of Taiwan.
The Genesis of Chaos and Revolution
As a core strength of the lectures, Professor Baum makes sense of the dramatic events of the story by getting deeply at what underlay them, culturally, socially, and historically—leaving you with a nuanced knowledge of the forces moving China's modern emergence.
In the spiraling descent of the Qing dynasty you trace the imperial culture of complacent superiority and indifference to global events that undermined the empire's hold on power.
Following the empire's demise, you probe the competing ideologies that fed two revolutionary movements, and you study Mao's tactics of "people's war" and civil-military relations that gained vast support for the Communist cause.
In the course's central focus, you study the making of Communist China under Mao and its dramatic turn toward free-market economics.
You witness the consolidation of power by the Maoist regime in the long campaign to suppress counterrevolutionaries and the programs of "thought reform," in which independent thinkers were compelled to write lengthy public "confessions."
You study the far-reaching challenges of the transition to Socialism, including the "free rider" problem, where lack of work incentives in collective farming stunted economic growth and bred widespread alienation.
You chart Mao's utopian drive to achieve "pure" Communism in the Great Leap Forward, and the ways in which this mandate blinded the regime to the desperate realities faced by China's rural masses.
And you see how obliquely expressed currents of dissent and the regime's perception of "revisionist" thinking led to the disasters of the Cultural Revolution.
You also dig deeply into the history of Mao's strained relations with the Soviets, and the cold war moves and countermoves underlying his historic meeting with Nixon and the "normalizing" of relations with the United States.
A Nation Transfigured
In the course's gripping final section, you observe the profound economic shifts of recent decades that produced China's phenomenal rise.
Here you come to grips with exactly how they did it, including the strategic introduction of new incentive structures in industry and agriculture; multifront economic competition; and "Special Economic Zones," sparking export trade and huge foreign investment.
You explore this era's many critical reversals, such as the cultural "burying" of Chairman Mao, the airing of long-suppressed wounds from the Cultural Revolution, the ideological embrace of free-market economics, and the new culture of individual enrichment.
You also reflect on the contrast between the regime's path-breaking economic changes and its stern political inflexibility, a tension you witness in the tragic events at Tiananmen Square.
Finally, you contemplate China's current trajectory as it follows the journey of the Chinese to a new national identity, seemingly returning their nation to a global supremacy it held for much of the last 2,000 years.
Bringing alive the passionate reinvention of China with deep discernment and humanity, Professor Baum portrays the confounding, majestic, heart-rending, and visionary story of a modern giant.
Take this opportunity, in The Fall and Rise of China, to know and comprehend a world-changing development of our times and to understand our civilization as a new and vibrant force shapes it.
00 - Introducing the Lecturer.avi [6 MB] 270 Кбит/сек, 640х480
01 - Part 1.avi [1 MB] 473 Кбит/сек, 640х480
01- The Splendor That Was China, 600-1700.avi [185 MB] 818 Кбит/сек, 640х480
02 - Malthus and Manchu Hubris, 1730-1800.avi [185 MB] 775 Кбит/сек, 640х480
03 - Barbarians at the Gate, 1800-1860.avi [185 MB] 733 Кбит/сек, 640х480
04 - Rural Misery and Rebellion, 1842-1860.avi [185 MB] 807 Кбит/сек, 640х480
05 - The Self-Strengthening Movement, 1860-1890.avi [185 MB] 811 Кбит/сек, 640х480
06 - Hundred Days of Reform and the Boxer Uprising.avi [185 MB] 851 Кбит/сек, 640х480
07 - The End of Empire, 1900-1911.avi [185 MB] 717 Кбит/сек, 640х480
08 - The Failed Republic, 1912-1919.avi [185 MB] 736 Кбит/сек, 640х480
09 - The Birth of Chinese Communism, 1917-1925.avi [185 MB] 755 Кбит/сек, 640х480
10 - Chiang, Mao, and Civil War, 1926-1934.avi [185 MB] 788 Кбит/сек, 640х480
11 - The Republican Experiment, 1927-1937.avi [185 MB] 741 Кбит/сек, 640х480
12 - 'Resist Japan!' 1937-1945.avi [185 MB] 781 Кбит/сек, 640х480
13 - Chiang's Last Stand, 1945-1949.avi [185 MB] 821 Кбит/сек, 496х368
13 - Part 2.avi [1 MB] 495 Кбит/сек, 640х480
14 - 'The Chinese People Have Stood Up!'.avi [185 MB] 783 Кбит/сек, 512х384
15 - Korea, Taiwan, and the Cold War, 1950-1954.avi [185 MB] 785 Кбит/сек, 512х384
16 - Socialist Transformation, 1953-1957.avi [185 MB] 755 Кбит/сек, 464х352
17 - Cracks in the Monolith, 1957-1958.avi [185 MB] 803 Кбит/сек, 512х384
18 - The Great Leap Forward, 1958-1960.avi [185 MB] 778 Кбит/сек, 432х320
19 - Demise of the Great Leap Forward, 1959-1962.avi [185 MB] 815 Кбит/сек, 496х368
20 - 'Never Forget Class Struggle!' 1962-1965.avi [185 MB] 843 Кбит/сек, 512х384
21 - 'Long Live Chairman Mao!' 1964-1965.avi [185 MB] 828 Кбит/сек, 512х384
22 - Mao's Last Revolution Begins, 1965-1966.avi [185 MB] 745 Кбит/сек, 496х368
23 - The Children's Crusade, 1966-1967.avi [186 MB] 725 Кбит/сек, 464х352
24 - The Storm Subsides, 1968-1969.avi [186 MB] 754 Кбит/сек, 496х368
25 - Part 3.avi [1 MB] 502 Кбит/сек, 640х480
25 - The Sino-Soviet War of Nerves, 1964-1969.avi [185 MB] 732 Кбит/сек, 496х368
26 - Nixon, Kissinger, and China, 1969-1972.avi [185 MB] 750 Кбит/сек, 512х384
27 - Mao's Deterioration and Death, 1971-1976.avi [185 MB] 746 Кбит/сек, 512х384
28 - The Legacy of Mao Zedong-An Appraisal.avi [185 MB] 791 Кбит/сек, 512х384
29 - The Post-Mao Interregnum, 1976-1977.avi [185 MB] 760 Кбит/сек, 496х368
30 - Hua Guofeng and the Four Modernizations.avi [185 MB] 741 Кбит/сек, 464х352
31 - Deng Takes Command, 1978-1979.avi [185 MB] 751 Кбит/сек, 464х352
32 - The Historic Third Plenum, 1978.avi [185 MB] 766 Кбит/сек, 480х368
33 - The 'Normalization' of U.S.-China Relations.avi [185 MB] 732 Кбит/сек, 448х336
34 - Deng Consolidates His Power, 1979-1980.avi [186 MB] 739 Кбит/сек, 448х336
35 - Socialist Democracy and the Rule of Law.avi [185 MB] 740 Кбит/сек, 480х368
36 - Burying Mao, 1981-1983.avi [185 MB] 758 Кбит/сек, 480х368
37 - Part 4.avi [1 MB] 499 Кбит/сек, 640х480
37 - 'To Get Rich Is Glorious,' 1982-1986.avi [186 MB] 724 Кбит/сек, 448х336
38 - The Fault Lines of Reform, 1984-1987.avi [185 MB] 726 Кбит/сек, 480х368
39 - The Road to Tiananmen, 1987-1989.avi [185 MB] 757 Кбит/сек, 496х368
40 - The Empire Strikes Back, 1989.avi [185 MB] 732 Кбит/сек, 464х352
41 - After the Deluge, 1989-1992.avi [186 MB] 742 Кбит/сек, 464х352
42 - The 'Roaring Nineties,' 1992-1999.avi [186 MB] 711 Кбит/сек, 448х336
43 - The Rise of Chinese Nationalism, 1993-2001.avi [185 MB] 762 Кбит/сек, 512х384
44 - China's Lost Territories-Taiwan, Hong Kong.avi [185 MB] 730 Кбит/сек, 480х368
45 - China in the New Millennium, 2000-2008.avi [185 MB] 691 Кбит/сек, 448х336
46 - China's Information Revolution.avi [185 MB] 707 Кбит/сек, 464х352
47 - 'One World, One Dream'-The 2008 Olympics.avi [186 MB] 769 Кбит/сек, 464х352
48 - China's Rise - The Sleeping Giant Stirs.avi [185 MB] 706 Кбит/сек, 448х336
Видео кодек: XviD
Аудио кодек: MP3
Видео: XviD, 640х480, 4:3, 818 kbps, 29,970 fps (для ~половины файлов, под спойлером выше указан битрейт и разрешение для каждого файла)
Аудио: MP3, 96 kbps, 32,0 kHz, 2 ch