Тип раздаваемого материала: Видеоурок
Продолжительность: 36 лекций по 30 минут + introduction
Год выпуска: 2010
Описание: Курс лекций рассказывает о создании и эволюции мифов, о роли мифологии в истории разных народов.
A warrior embarks on an ocean voyage to retrieve a mysterious fleece and prove his worth. A young man catches the spinning sun with a lasso to slow it down and lengthen the day. A giant boar raises the earth from beneath the sea with its enormous tusks.
These are just a few of the thousands of myths belonging to cultures from around the world. They are tales of powerful gods and goddesses, of fearless heroes facing down frightening monsters, of ingenious tricks and epic battles.
But these powerful stories do more than just widen our eyes, catch our breaths, and stretch our imaginations. They are the keys to truly grasping the ways that principles, rituals, codes, and taboos are woven into the fabric of a particular society or civilization. It's through myths that we can answer these and other fundamental questions:
How was the universe created, and why?
What is the purpose of evil in the world?
Why is human society organized the way it is?
How did natural features like rivers, mountains, and oceans emerge?
Grasping the deep-seeded truths behind myths is an illuminating and rewarding journey. One that reveals provocative new insights into the powerful—and entertaining—ways that beliefs are passed on from generation to generation. One that helps us make sense of how ancient people, or people with whom we're not familiar, built the cultures in which they lived.
And it's a journey you can experience and own with Myth in Human History. This entertaining and illuminating course, delivered by engaging storyteller and award-winning Professor Grant L. Voth of Monterey Peninsula College, plunges you deep into some of the world's greatest myths.
Taking you from the islands of ancient Greece and Japan to the plains of North America and Africa to the shores of New Zealand and Great Britain, these 36 lectures offer you a comprehensive survey of some of the world's most enduring myths and the diverse cultures behind them. By the close of the final lecture, you'll find yourself looking at and understanding world mythology—including the myths of contemporary culture—in startling new ways.
Learn the Four Ways to Read Great Myths
It's difficult to grasp the essence of a culture—whether it's one that belongs to the distant past or one that thrives to this day—without understanding its particular myths. For hundreds of years, anthropologists, archaeologists, historians, sociologists, psychologists, literary critics, and others have studied myths to better understand how cultures view the world and their unique place in it.
In order to do this, however, it's essential first to know how to read a myth and tease out the meanings hidden underneath its entertaining plot and imaginative characters. In Myth in Human History, Professor Voth teaches you how to do just that, allowing you to approach, read, and interpret great myths from four key perspectives.
Metaphysical: How do the myths explain the mysteries of human existence?
Cosmological: How do the myths explain the intricate workings of the universe?
Sociological: How do the myths explain the existing social and economic order?
Psychological: How do the myths explain the process of psychological development?
Explore Hundreds of Captivating Stories ...
So what about the myths themselves?
There are thousands of myths in the world—enough that surveying the greatest of them may seem like an impossible task. But one of Professor Voth's strengths as both an expert in world literature and a teacher is his ability to organize these myths into several groups based on their particular subject or focus.
To make learning about world mythology all the more accessible, Myth in Human History is structured into five distinct units based on these groups.
Myths about creation and destruction: These myths seek to explain the origins of the world and, in some cases, its eventual destruction. You'll explore stories from the ancient Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Greeks, and Aztecs, as well as Hebrew creation accounts from Genesis.
Myths about gods and goddesses: Central parts of mythology, these figures are creators and overseers, personifications of nature, and powerful symbols of reality. You'll meet Zeus, Brahma, Odin, and others, as well as the God of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Myths about heroes: These mythological figures are larger-than-life models of cultural values, performing tasks that most of us cannot. Here, you'll follow the adventures of Gilgamesh, Jason and his Argonauts, Demeter, Cupid, and many others.
Myths about tricksters: Deceitful and malicious, these characters are nevertheless instrumental in challenging and redefining the order of things. Among the tricksters you'll come across in this unit are the Greek Hermes, the Sumerian Enki, and the Hawaiian Ma-ui.
Myths about sacred places: Mythological sites, whether real or imagined, mark the place where the sacred bursts into the everyday world. You'll tour such sacred places as the Hebrews' Mount Sinai, the Norse cosmic tree Yggdrasil, and the Tibetan "Castle Lake."
By approaching myths in these units, you'll be better able to understand mythology's profound importance in shaping nearly every aspect of human culture. You'll also discover the hidden connections between them—a comparative approach that emphasizes the universality of myths across cultures, as well as the idea that different civilizations approach the fundamental issues of life in ways particular to their own values and experiences.
... and Meet a Wealth of Fascinating Characters
Along with the stories themselves, you'll encounter fascinating characters; some celebrated, some maligned, some even feared. Among the hundreds of intriguing figures you'll find in these lectures are
Herakles, the iconic ancient Greek hero whose life illustrates the idea of the monomyth—that all heroic stories have a similar structure;
Loki, the shape-shifting trickster who introduces the concepts of time and aging into the Norse realm of Asgard; and
King Arthur, the Celtic lord and founder of the Knights of the Round Table, whose life and adventures continue to resonate into the 21st century.
You'll also meet unfamiliar characters drawn from cultural myths often overshadowed by those from more widely known Western mythologies. These include
Spider, the principal trickster of the Lakota and Dakota peoples responsible for creating space, inventing language, and naming animals;
Mwindo, whose transformation from arrogant young warrior to responsible ruler celebrates the cultural values of the Nyangi from eastern Zaire; and
Inanna, the Sumerian goddess of agriculture, whose rise coincided with the birth of the Agricultural Revolution in the ancient Near East.
Throughout the lectures, Professor Voth draws intriguing connections between characters from various world mythologies. You'll learn what aspects they have in common, how their presence is felt in similar and different ways, how they've shaped similar cultural ideas and concepts (such as honor and justice), and more.
An Engaging Tour, a Master Storyteller
Along with its wealth of intriguing myths and captivating characters, what makes this course such an engaging tour of world mythology is Professor Voth's immense depth of knowledge and his storytelling abilities.
A veteran Great Courses professor, he has the ability to draw you into each myth, and, in doing so, celebrates the same enchanting oral tradition that helped to spread so many of these myths. With almost every myth in the course, he first tells it as a story to be listened to and savored. Then he explains how different readings and interpretations shed meaning on how to understand the myth's role in larger culture. And, finally, he invites you to develop your own interpretations of these age-old tales, as well as to ponder the role that myths—both ancient and everyday—play in your own life.
Myths, according to Professor Voth, are "gifts from the ancestors to be cherished." They have been with us for thousands of years and will continue to be with us for thousands more. Myth in Human History is the perfect way for you to celebrate these cherished gifts, to learn more about them than you ever thought possible, and to discover how mythology—perhaps more than any other aspect of culture—has the power to shape human history.
00. Professor Bio
01. Myth and Meaning
02. The Continuing Importance of Myth
03. Creation Myths
04. Mesopotamian Creation—Enuma Elish
05. Hebrew Creation Myths
06. Emergence and World-Parent Creation Myths
07. Cosmic Egg and Ex Nihilo Creation Myths
08. Earth-Diver and Dismembered God Creation Myths
09. Mesopotamian and Hebrew Flood Myths
10. Other Flood Myths
11. Myths of Cosmic Destruction
12. Greek and Norse Pantheons
13. The Great Goddess Remembered?
14. The Goddess—Inanna and Dumuzi
15. The Goddess—Isis and Osiris
16. The Eclipse of the Goddess
17. Shamans and Vegetation Gods
18. Sky Gods and Earth Goddesses
19. Creator Gods
20. Gods and Goddesses of India
21. Hero Myths
22. Mythic Heroes—Gilgamesh
23. Mythic Heroes—King Arthur
24. Mythic Heroes—Jason and the Argonauts
25. The Monomyths of Rank and Campbell
26. Mythic Heroes—Mwindo
27. Female Heroes—Demeter and Hester Prynne
28. Female Heroes—Psyche and Beauty
29. The Trickster in Mythology
30. Tricksters from around the World
31. Native American Tricksters
32. African Tricksters
33. Mythic Tricksters—Eshu and Legba
34. The Places of Myth—Rocks and Lakes
35. The Places of Myth—Mountains
36. The Places of Myth—Sacred Trees
Видео кодек: XviD
Аудио кодек: MP3
Видео: XviD, 640х480, 4:3, 824 kbps, 29,970 fps
Аудио: MP3, 128 kbps, 48,0 kHz, 2 ch
Формат : AVI
Формат/Информация : Audio Video Interleave
Размер файла : 215 МиБ
Продолжительность : 31 м.
Общий поток : 961 Кбит/сек
Программа кодирования : VirtualDubMod 184.108.40.206 (build 2178/release)
Библиотека кодирования : VirtualDubMod build 2178/release
Идентификатор : 0
Формат : MPEG-4 Visual
Профайл формата : Advanced Simple@L5
Параметры BVOP формата : Да
Параметры QPel формата : Нет
Параметры GMC формата : Без точки перехода
Параметры матрицы формата : Выборочная
Идентификатор кодека : XVID
Идентификатор кодека/Подсказка : XviD
Продолжительность : 31 м.
Битрейт : 824 Кбит/сек
Ширина : 640 пикс.
Высота : 480 пикс.
Соотношение кадра : 4:3
Частота кадров : 29,970 кадр/сек
ColorSpace : YUV
ChromaSubsampling : 4:2:0
BitDepth/String : 8 бит
Тип развёртки : Прогрессивная
Бит/(Пиксели*Кадры) : 0.089
Размер потока : 185 МиБ (86%)
Библиотека кодирования : XviD 1.1.2 (UTC 2006-11-01)
Идентификатор : 1
Формат : MPEG Audio
Версия формата : Version 1
Профайл формата : Layer 3
Режим : Joint stereo
Format_Settings_ModeExtension : MS Stereo
Идентификатор кодека : 55
Идентификатор кодека/Подсказка : MP3
Продолжительность : 31 м.
Вид битрейта : Постоянный
Битрейт : 128 Кбит/сек
Канал(ы) : 2 канала(ов)
Частота : 48,0 КГц
Размер потока : 28,7 МиБ (13%)
Выравнивание : Соединение по промежуткам
Продолжительность промежутка : 67 мс. (2,00 видеокадров)
Время предзагрузки промежутка : 504 ms
Библиотека кодирования : LAME3.97
Настройки программы : -m j -V 4 -q 2 -lowpass 17 -b 128