Автор: Professor J. Rufus Fears
Тип раздаваемого материала: Видеоурок
Продолжительность: 36 лекций по 30 мин.
Год выпуска: 2008
Что такое свобода? Что она означает для Авраама Линкольна, Франклина Рузвельта, Уинстона Черчиля и Мартина Лютера Кинга? Что значит - быть свободным в современном мире?
История борьбы за свободу начиная с античных демократий, эпохи британского колониализма, гражданской войны в США и заканчивая борьбой с диктаторскими режимами 20 века.
It can be argued that one simple idea—the concept of freedom—has been the driving force of Western civilization and may be the most influential intellectual force the world has ever known.
But what is freedom, exactly?
Join historian and classical scholar J. Rufus Fears as he tells freedom's dramatic story from ancient Greece to our own day, exploring a concept so close to us we may never have considered it with the thoroughness it deserves.
Delve Into the Meaning of Human Freedom
What did freedom mean to Abraham Lincoln—or to Robert E. Lee? To Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, or Martin Luther King?
What does it mean to us today?
Indeed, to consider freedom is to ask questions. Many questions.
* What does it take to be free, to have and to hold liberty?
* What moral questions did freedom raise for our forebears?
* What questions does it raise for us?
* What role do the liberal arts and the world of the intellect play in the life of a free society or a free individual?
* What does democracy have to do with freedom?
* Can a democratic politician be a statesman?
* How should we understand the relationship among freedom, religion, and morality?
* Is there a dichotomy between public and private morality in a free society?
You ponder these questions and more in this moving and provocative course, brought to you by a teacher whose 15 awards for outstanding teaching include three-time recognition as University of Oklahoma Professor of the Year.
Professor Fears combines a fine actor's captivating presence, superb timing, and feel for the telling anecdote with the broad and humane learning of a seasoned classics scholar.
A History of Real People and Real Events
A firm premise of the course is that history is made by great individuals and great events, not by anonymous social and economic forces.
In fact, Professor Fears opens the course not with a dry presentation of liberty's philosophical requirements but by plunging you into the chaos of the Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.
This was the seminal event in the history of freedom, with 9,000 citizen-soldiers of Athens defeating the much larger and better-equipped army of the Persian king Darius and thwarting his attempt to subjugate Greece.
This battle highlights dramatically the contrast between the political liberty of the Greek city-states and the absolutism of the monarchies of the ancient Near East.
It also highlights Professor Fears's approach to this course, as he focuses your engagement with the history of freedom on six seedtimes of liberty, along with the great people and events that helped shape the character of each.
Six Crucial Epochs, Revealed in Riveting Detail
With Professor Fears guiding and informing your thinking, you explore:
* the birth of the idea of freedom in Greece and the story of the world's first democracythe Athens of Pericles, Socrates, and Sophocles
* the status and meaning of freedom in both the Roman Republic and the Empire, and the new forms of liberty that flowered from the Roman legacy
* the role of Jesus, Saint Paul, and Christianity in that flowering of freedom, and the Christian view of the true meaning of human liberation
* the American colonies' resistance to British rule and their decision to declare their independence
* the debates about freedom that informed the framing and ratification of the United States Constitution and its awful testing on the battlefields of the Civil War
* the struggles of free peoples against domestic injustices and foreign dictatorships during the 20th century and the questions about freedom we still face as we enter the 21st .
Informed by Thousands of Years of Thought
To illustrate thought-provoking accounts of freedom's triumphs and travails, Professor Fears draws on Sophocles, Aristotle, Cicero, Paul, the English common-law tradition, Machiavelli, Lincoln, and the American Founders.
And he includes such towering intellectual champions of English-speaking liberalism as Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and Lord Acton.
To clothe this impressive framework of analysis with the stuff of real history, Professor Fears brings to life critical episodes within each key period, explaining what was at stake each time.
* You witness the outnumbered Greeks charging the Persians at Marathon, the Minutemen challenging the redcoats at Lexington, and Lee and later Lincoln surveying the great battlefield of Gettysburg.
* You compare the trials of Socrates and Jesus, witness the signing of the Magna Carta and the Declaration of Independence, and study the debate over the U.S. Constitution.
* You recapture the confidence and buoyancy of Franklin Roosevelt's swift response to the Great Depression.
* And you thrill to Winston Churchill's bulldog defiance as he and his island nation stand alone defending freedom and humanity against Hitler's war machine.
To cap this extraordinary series, Professor Fears steers your thoughts to the Cold War and the remarkable march toward freedom witnessed by the last decade of the 20th century.
A Look Ahead—and a Cautionary Note
Professor Fears closes with a look at the future and a word of warning.
"Americans entered the 21st century convinced that we are the only superpower and that the innovations of science, technology, and industry have opened a new era of individual liberty, prosperity, and peace. It should be remembered that Europeans entered the 20th century under similar delusions.
"This course of lectures ends on a cautionary note, one that was already voiced in the Athenian democracy of the 5 th century B.C.
"Excessive individualism is not liberty but, rather, license. There can ultimately be no separation between public and private morality. A democratic society can survive only if its citizens have a shared set of moral and political values.
"Excessive prosperity can lead to that public apathy about politics which is the death knell of liberty.
"In the end, the true test of a free society is its ability to produce leaders of ability, vision, and moral character."
These lectures invite you to look at our nation's most formative idea from a fresh perspective.
Accept the invitation with enthusiasm and intellectual anticipation. Your perspective on politics, society, and history—or your place in them—may never be the same.
1. The Birth of Freedom
2. Athenian Democracy
3. Athens—Freedom and Cultural Creativity
4. Athenian Tragedy—Education for Freedom
5. Socrates on Trial
6. Alexander the Great
7. The Roman Republic
8. Julius Caesar
9. Freedom in the Roman Empire
10. Rome—Freedom and Cultural Creativity
11. Gibbon on Rome’s Decline and Fall
13. Jesus and Socrates
14. Paul the Apostle
15. Freedom in the Middle Ages
16. Luther and the Protestant Reformation
17. From Machiavelli to the Divine Right of Kings
18. The Anglo-American Tradition of Liberty
19. The Shot Heard ’Round the World
20. The Tyranny of George III
21. What the Declaration of Independence Says
22. Natural Law and the Declaration
23. Miracle at Philadelphia
24. What the Constitution Says
25. The Bill of Rights
26. Liberty and Lee at Gettysburg
27. Liberty and Lincoln at Gettysburg
28. FDR and the Progressive Tradition
29. Why the French Revolution Failed
30. The Liberal Tradition
31. Churchill and the War for Freedom
32. The Illiberal Tradition
33. Hitler and the War Against Freedom
34. The Cold War
35. Civil Disobedience and Social Change
36. Freedom and the Lessons of History
Видео кодек: XviD
Аудио кодек: MP3
Видео: 640x480 29.97fps 776.7kbps
Аудио: 48кHz stereo 128Kbps